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151 Charles Clyde: Charles Clyde Eberly Sr. lived in Suterville, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, United
States in 1880. Sex: Male. He was employed as a Electrician in Steel Plant.

On April 27, 1942 Charles Clyde Eberly Sr. registered for the Draft in World War II. He is residing with his wife Katherine B. at 51 E. 24th St., Chester, Pennsylvania. He is employed by Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company, Chester, Pennsylvania. (Source -Inspection of World War II
Draft Registration Record)

Unless otherwise noted all information of Charles Clyde Eberly Sr. and his descendants was taken from the Klilscher Family Tree, (Note to File - JP Rhein)

Eberly Sr., Charles Clyde (I9627)
152 Children of Charles Polliard and Anna Shenafelt are:

i. James Leslie10 Polliard, born 26 Nov 1897 in Clarion County, Pa.; died 03 Sep 1973 in Butler County Memorial Hospital. He married Olga M. Massart; born 05 Apr 1898 in Irwin, Pa.; died 07 Mar 1971 in Butler County Memorial Hospital.

ii. Freda Polliard, born 26 Dec 1899; died 08 Feb 1940. She married Clair W. Dickey; died 02 Sep 1966.

iii. Max Polliard, born 15 Jun 1905; died 23 Aug 1984 in Sugar Creek Rest and Convalescent Home,
9 Worthington, Pa.. He married Grace E. Bartlett; born 04 Feb 1912 in New Kensington, Pa.; died 22 May 2001 in Chicora Medical Center, Chicora, Pa..

iv. Margaret A. Polliard, born 1912. She married (1) John Howard. She married (2) Joseph Alsbaugh; born 07 Jun 1909; died 1970. She married (3) John Lapinski. She married (4) Clark Spillman. 
Family F1199
153 Children of Effie Polliard and Marvin Colwell are:
i. Wilbur Pierce10 Colwell, born Sep 1898; died Jan 1956. He married Tressa Domiana.
ii. Mertya Irene Colwell, born Aug 1900. She married Charles Varner; born 1898; died 1954.
iii. Edgar Earl Colwell, born Dec 1903. He married Flora Parks.
iv. Margaret Luceita Colwell, born Jan 1905; died Mar 1966. She married (1) John James Inman. She
married (2) Russell Bouch.
v. Mildred Grace Colwell, born Dec 1906. She married Thomas Milliron.
vi. Delbert Marcus Colwell, born Apr 1909; died Apr 1966. He married Margaret E. Wood Oct 1926. 
Family F1224
154 Children of Emma Polliard and Charles Faust are:
i. William Charles10 Faust, born 1901; died 1959 in Butler County, Pa.. He married Elizabeth Lightner; born 1901; died 1988.
ii. Charles Henry Faust. 
Family F1203
155 Children of Emma Slaugenhaupt and Robert Logan are:
i. Malcolm Ray10 Logan, born 26 Aug 1890.
ii. Dale Faith Logan, born 26 May 1895.
iii. John Kenneth Logan. 
Family F1204
156 Children of Emmet Polliard and Jennie Jack are:
i. Ralph Orlanda10 Polliard, born 17 Mar 1894; died 11 Nov 1961. He married Clara Irene Tosh; born Apr 1897; died Jul 1962.
ii. Clair Raymond Polliard, born 26 Jan 1895; died 20 Nov 1947. He married (1) Suzanna Belle
Collingwood 17 Nov 1915; born Jan 1898; died Aug 1930. He married (2) Violet Coleman Abt. 1932;
born WFT Est. 1892-1916; died Jan 1939.
iii. David Evans Polliard, born 12 Mar 1898; died 22 Jan 1920.
iv. Morton Henry Polliard, born 05 Jan 1901; died 06 May 1949. He married Catherine Hindman; born 01
Apr 1902; died Nov 1986 in Brookville, Jefferson Co., Pa..
v. Dorothy Blanch Polliard, born 18 Jun 1904 in Monroe Twp., Clarion Co., Pa.; died 1987 in Washington Township, Westmoreland Co., Pa.. She married Glenn R. McElhattan; born 24 Dec 1896; died Jun 1973.
vi. Mildred Lucille Polliard, born 07 May 1906 in New Bethlehem, Pa.; died 30 Sep 1985 in West Haven
Nursing Home. She married Eugene Aulerich; born 28 Sep 1905 in Springdale, Pa.; died 17 Apr 1989 in Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa.. 
Family F1220
157 Children of Frank Polliard and Jessie Himes are: i. Iva Flo10 Polliard, born 1892; died 1905.

ii. Gale Brown Polliard, born 26 Nov 1894 in New Bethlehem, Pa.; died 05 Jul 1957. He married Grace
Pearl Wright 27 Feb 1926; born 24 Jun 1891 in Butte, Colorado; died Mar 1970.

iii. Bernice Marie Polliard, born 1896; died 1898.

iv. Grace Leora Polliard, born 10 Jun 1899 in Porter Township, Pa.; died 20 May 1988 in Greentree, Pa. She married Leslie Vernon Stitt 09 Jul 1919 in Cumberland, Maryland; born 11 Dec 1894 in Cherry Run, Rimersburg, Pa.; died 27 Feb 1973 in Greentree, Pa.

v. Francis Eugene Polliard, born 21 Oct 1904; died 01 Jun 1985. He married Clara Stumpf Abt. 1930; born 06 Jul 1902; died 24 Dec 1991.
vi. Genevieve Mae Polliard, born 09 Sep 1908; died 16 Mar 1963. She married Charles Conklin 21 Jun 1934; died 1947.

vii. Glen Dean Polliard, born 1912; died 1912.
80 viii. Garnet Kathleen Polliard, born 21 Sep 1916; died 15 Nov 1969. She married William Morgan Sharrer 10 Jun 1936; born 29 Jan 1914; died 1993. 
Family F1200
158 Children of George Polliard and Augusta Mohney are:
i. Clarence Latimer10 Polliard, born 20 Aug 1898; died Dec 1975. He married Mary Elizabeth Haupt 26
Jun 1919 in Wellsburg, West Virginia; born 07 Mar 1902 in Hawthorne, Pa.; died 22 Jan 1969 in Natron
Heights, Pa..
ii. Roland Charles Polliard, born 14 Oct 1899 in New Bethlehem, Pa.; died 30 Oct 1973 in Sunnyview
Home. He married Mary Cecelia Snyder; born 17 Mar 1905 in Kittanning, Pa.; died 30 Oct 1973 in
Butler County Memorial Hospital.
iii. Eileen Roberta Polliard, born 08 Oct 1902; died Jan 1975. She married (1) Edward Williams Bef. 1920. She married (2) Roy Strong Bef. 1936; died 1962.
iv. Harry Winfield Polliard, born 14 Mar 1907; died Mar 1983 in Sarver, Butler Co., Pa.. 
Family F1222
159 Children of George Polliard and Della Geist are:
i. Sarah Ellen10 Geist, born Jul 1916. She married Theodore Fleming.
ii. Violet Jean Polliard, born 30 May 1920 in Natrona, Pa.; died 06 May 2000 in Natron Heights, Pa. She married William Moxon; died 1975.
145 iii. Elizabeth Jane Polliard, born Aug 1922; died 10 May 2002. She married James Stephen Norris, Sr. 19 Sep 1942; born 15 Sep 1920 in Brackenridge, Pa.; died 10 May 2002 in Concordia Care Nursing Home, Sarver, Pa.
iv. George Latimer Polliard, Jr., born Jan 1925.
v. Frank Oliver Polliard, born Jan 1928. He married Virginia Leslie.
vi. Robert Edwin Polliard, born 20 Oct 1933; died Apr 1976. 
Family F1223
160 Children of George Polliard and Minerva Duncan are:
i. Pauline10 Polliard, born 1897; died 1914 in Texas.
ii. Norma Polliard, born 18 May 1900; died Feb 1990. She married Venton L. Doughtie; born 22 Apr
1897; died 20 May 1987.

Notes for Venton L. Doughtie:
According to a letter from Mr. and Mrs. Venton Doughty to Cheryl McDonald they sold their property in Austin, Texas to John Wayne for a Western Museum that was never built. 
Family F1216
161 Children of Harry Polliard and Etna Crowe are:
i. Thelma10 Polliard, born 16 May 1905; died 19 Sep 1993. She married Alvin Erk; born Oct 1901; died Jun 1964.
ii. Jessie Virginia Polliard, born Sep 1907; died Nov 1959. She married James Anderson May 1926; born Apr 1906; died Mar 1950.
iii. Margaret Colletta Polliard, born Jun 1912; died Jul 1957.
iv. Harry Edwin Polliard, Jr., born 09 Feb 1915; died 02 Mar 1915.
v. Thomas Terry Polliard, born 11 Mar 1917; died Apr 1983. He married Felicia Betz Sep 1941; born 13 Jan 1911; died 18 Nov 1993 in Freedom, Beaver Co., Pa.
vi. Freda Romaine Polliard, born 23 Sep 1919; died 15 Nov 1999. She married Alvin Lee Kennedy Jan 1960; born Feb 1918.
vii. Betty Jane Polliard, born Feb 1923; died Sep 1978. She married Michael M. Delia Jan 1942; born Feb 1917.
138 viii. Glenn Edwin Polliard, born Jan 1926; died May 1933. 
Family F1221
162 Children of James Slaugenhaupt and Nettie Armogost are:

i. Ruby A.10 Slaugenhaupt, born 28 Dec 1891. She married Frank Green in Kennewick, Washington; born
1888; died 1978.

ii. Bernard Armogast Slaugenhaupt, born 28 Sep 1895 in Clarion County, Pa.; died 28 Oct 1959. He
married Erma W. McAulay 03 May 1920 in Richland, Washington; born 20 Dec 1899; died 1984. 
Family F1205
163 Children of John Polliard and Mabel Hetrick are:
i. Amelia Polliard.
ii. Daniel Polliard, died 1925.
iii. Florence Polliard, died 1918.
iv. Frances Polliard.
v. Fredrick E. Polliard, born 29 Jan 1912; died 1966. He married Anna.
vi. John Earl Polliard, born 08 Sep 1916 in Pittsburgh, Pa.; died 28 Mar 1968 in Colorado Springs, Co. He married (1) Mildred Rose McGlothin Bef. 1940; born 20 Jun 1917 in Shawnee, Ok. He married (2) Lois Jayne (Scholz) Shafer VanZant 01 Sep 1961 in Colorado Springs, Co; born 15 Nov 1923 in Lake
Forrest, Ill.
Family F1225
164 Children of John Polliard and Mary Mays are:

i. Cora May9 Polliard, born 09 Jun 1879; died 22 Sep 1937.

ii. George Emerson Polliard, born 25 May 1881; died 21 Nov 1909.

iii. Emma Jane Polliard, born 24 May 1884; died 19 Apr 1967.

iv. Alma Elizabeth Polliard, born 01 Oct 1886; died 25 Jul 1952.

v. Laura Agnes Polliard, born 14 Oct 1888; died 10 Sep 1967.

vi. Grace Edna Polliard, born 19 Mar 1892; died 29 Oct 1965.

vii. John Francis Polliard, born 19 Mar 1894 in Renfrew, Pa.; died 29 Jan 1962.

viii. Eugene William Polliard, born 19 May 1895 in Renfrew, Pa.; died 1974.

ix. Mary Irene Polliard, born 12 Aug 1900; died 20 May 1932. She married Mark W. Walters 19 Jul 1923. 
Family F1194
165 Children of Joseph Polliard and Mary Hetrick are:
i. Avenella10 Hetrick.
ii. Ruth Polliard, born 07 Dec 1907; died 02 Jun 1998 in Tylersburg, Clarion County, Pa.. She married Clarence Slagle.
iii. Clifton Harold Polliard, born Apr 1910; died 1962. He married Cecelia L. Zacherl; born 18 Jan 1914; died 26 Feb 1992. 
Family F1226
166 Children of Margaret Polliard and George Wensel are:

i. Ira Leslie10 Wensel.

ii. Hattie F. Wensel, born 1881; died 1930. She married Edmond E. Brasseur.

iii. John M. Wensel, born Apr 1883.

iv. Robert E. Wensel, born Apr 1886.

v. Frank Dale Wensel, born May 1891; died 1959. He married Jane M. Latimer; born 1891; died 1975.

vi. Roxie Alverda Wensel, born Dec 1893. She married Ernest Clyde Mohney.

vii. Bertha A. Wensel, born 30 Nov 1895.

viii. Evelyn Grace Wensel, born 17 Sep 1899; died 30 Aug 1974. 
Family F1196
167 Children of Nancy Polliard and Robert Covert are: i. Clarence10 Covert, born 1897; died 1922 in Butler, Pa.

ii. Caroline Covert, born 1898; died 1971 in Butler. Pa..

iii. Paul Covert, born 1899; died 1933 in Butler. Pa..

iv. Mildred Covert. She married Lee Kennedy.

v. Alverda Covert, born 1907; died 1960 in Butler. Pa..

vi. Helen Covert, born 1909 in Butler, Pa.; died 1977 in Butler, Pa.. She married ? Anderson. 
Family F1202
168 Children of Thomas Polliard and Mary Stouffer are:
65 i. Florence L.10 Polliard, born 20 Nov 1901 in Glendale, California; died 30 Dec 1979. She married
Clarence Jerome Ruzicka 18 Mar 1931 in Glendale, California.
66 ii. Edith Polliard.
67 iii. Lester Lee Polliard, born 1893; died 1928 in Redlands, California. He married Louella McCann; born
03 Feb 1896 in St. Clairsville, Ohio; died Sep 1967. 
Family F1197
169 Children of Thomas Slaugenhaupt and Laura Hepler are:
i. Dr. Jessie Gale10 Slaugenhaupt, born Jul 1885; died Bef. 1994.
ii. Grace Slaugenhaupt, born Mar 1887 in Sligo, Pa.; died Bef. 1994. She married Karl Newell.
iii. Stella L. Slaugenhaupt, born 03 Oct 1891 in Porter Township, Clarion Co., Pa.; died 13 Mar 1994 in Clarion County, Pa.. She married Howard Dueering.
iv. Mary Gladyls Slaugenhaupt, born Jul 1894; died Bef. 1994. She married A. Jerry Wisch.
v. Bernard Slaugenhaupt. 
Family F1206
170 Chistopher Hilliard was a farmer, living and dying on the old homestead east of Rimersburg in Porter Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania. Hilliard, Christopher (I3236)

At the present time over 100 members have been DNA tested with about a half dozen being descendants of James Galbraith of 1666, Ireland.

The Hapologroup is R-L47 - with a descendant of James listed as kit number 285535. DNA Group 1 (R1b-M269-U106-Z159)

Unfortunately, at this time there is no known DNA available for the early Galbraiths (Galbraith Clan Chiefs, etc.) so there is no way to review or test the many written heritages that have been published.

(Note to File - JP Rhein. August 30, 2014)

Galbraith, James (I0097)
172 Clayton L. Vogel, 86, of Fort Belvoir, Virginia, formerly of Blomsburg and a Clarion County native died Sunday, January 2, 2000 in Virginia following an illness. Born October 18, 1913, in Huey, Clarion County, he was a son of Harold and Eva Marie McKinney. Mr. Vogel attended Clarion State Teachers College and received his bachelor's degree in 1939 from theKutztown State Teachers College.
On April 16, 1930 Clayton and his sister, Roberta, are residing with his uncle, Jeremiah Pyle, age 54, a laborer in a coal mine, and his wife Lilian A. Vogel, sister of Harold, in Tobyi Township (Huey), Clarion County, Pennsylvania. Also residing with the family is Bertha M. Strensky, Lillian and John's mother. John Vogel and his second wife, Jane P. nee unkown, and their children are residing next door. (Source - 1930 Federal Census of Pennsylvania)

Jeremiah and Lillian are the foster parents of Clayton and Roberta.

Clayton L. Vogel, 86, of Fort Belvoir, Virginia, formerly of Bloomsburg and a Clarion County native died Sunday, January 2, 2000 in Virginia following an illness. Born October 18, 1913, in Huey, Clarion County, he was a son of Harold and Eva Marie McKinney. Mr. Vogel attended Clarion State Teachers College and received his bachelor's degree in 1939 from theKutztown State Teachers College.
Vogel, Clayton LaJoie (I0093)
173 Colonel William Stewart had a son named Alexander as evidenced by his will that follows.

"Among other things, to his wife Mary, he left 100 lbs. per annum as jointure and certain ornaments. All real estate went to William, Viscount Mountjoy, in trust for the testator's son Ezekiel and his heirs in tail male. Failing him it went to second son Robert, then to third son Richard, then fourth son Alexander, then to daughter Mary and for want of issue male to her, then to Lord Mountjoy. To son Robert 700 lbs., to son Richard 500 lbs., to son Alexander 500 lbs. He appointed as executors, his wife, Lord Mountjoy, Dr. Andrew Hamilton, (Archdeacon of Raphoe) and his sister Frances Stewart of Ballilane in the County of Donegal. The will was dated May 4, 1713. It was amended on July 2, 1713 with respect to his sister Frances Stewart acting as executor."

Colonel William Stewart died in 1713 following the amendment to his will. At that date, son Alexander would have been about 12 years of age assuming he was born at least after 1701. It raises the question, Who had custody of son Alexander and where did he reside following the death of his father.

Alexander is mentioned in his brother Ezekiel’s will dated June 11, 1734 as a beneficiary in the event in the event Ezekiel’s male issue or older brother Robert predeceased him. Ezekiel died October 1734 and his estate went to son Annesley Stewart.

Alexander is reported to have died in 1743 but there is no record of this. There is no record of Alexander's will or that of the son

I believe it is reasonable to assume that Alexander remained in the general area of Fort Stewart on reaching adulthood and remained there until his death.

Fort Stewart is on approximately 138 acres on the shore of Lough Swilly in the Parish of Aughnish in the the Barony of Kilmacrenan in County Donegal in the Province of Ulster in Ireland.

Green Hill, Carnamogagh is approximately 600 acres in the Parish of Conwal in the Barony of Kilmacrenan. It is about three miles west of Fort Stewart and not far from Letterkenny which is situated on the River Swilly.

Newton Cunningham or Conyngham is approximately 248 acres in the Parish of All Saints in the Barony of Raphoe North. It is near Lough Swilly but on the opposite bank to Fort Stewart, approximately 20 miles by road. It is 6 and 1/2 miles west of Londonderry.

The question remains, is he the Alexander Stewart that married Rebecca Galbraith, daughter of James Galbraith (1666-1744).

Primary Source

My primary source is a chart on 'The Stewart Genealogy' photocopied by my cousin, Heber Rankin, from "A Family of Millers and Stewarts", by Dr. Robert F. Miller, St. Louis, Missouri, August, 1909. It was included in material sent to my mother in the late 1960's, and shows Alexander Stewart of Fort Stewart and Carnemauga (son of Colonel William Stewart) married to Rebecca Galbraith and having a son named William Stewart, born 1738, who immigrated to Colonial America in 1758 (actually 1745) with his mother and other siblings.

In the commentary on son Alexander that appears on page 19 in Miller’s work, he states, among other things, “For the Stewart (or Stuart) family we had access to many genealogies of record, the old Bible of Lieut. Wm. Stewart of which a photograph is presented later, and this page copied from the Bible of Lieut. Wm. Stewart’s older brother Alexander, who remained at Green Hill near Letter-kenny, Ireland. This latter Bible, bought to America in 1832 by the descendants of Alexander, brother of Lieut. Wm and given to the family of Wm. Stewart, Jr. son of Lieut. William and now in the possession of Mr. J. H. Stewart of Minneapolis, Minn…”

As discussed below, in some detail, Miller made a fundamental error in relying on the letters of J. H. Stewart. In subsequent correspondence with a descendant of the J. H. Stewart line from Ohio, he stated that they were not descendants of the son Alexander in the Noble Stewart line and they were continuing to search for their heritage.

A photocopy of the above chart was included in "Frontier Families of Toby Township, Clarion Co., Pennsylvania by Heber Rankin, Janice Yingling, editor, Pittsburgh, PA, May, 1995. Rankin apparently chose to ignore the commentary in Miller’s work with respect to the incorrect references to the son Alexander and his descendants. There is nothing in Rankin’s published work that explains why he chose to ignore this aspect of Miller’s work but instead went directly to the correct conclusion that William Stewart II, married first, Sarah McKibben and second Polly Parker.

Rankin was a very knowledgeable and thorough genealogist and there may be some additional details on this in his unpublished notes and files, as well as some further documentation as to the lineage of Alexander Stewart who married Rebecca Galbraith.

The book "Frontier Families " was compiled by his niece, Janice Yingling. There is, however, no detail or source reference shown that would confirm that Alexander Stewart, married to Rebecca Galbraith, is the son of Colonel William Stewart.

Heber Rankin, who is now deceased, met with Sir Jocelyn Harry Stewart, 12th Baronet, at his home 'Carick Brack House', Convoy, in County Donegal on June 10, 1965, at which time the Photostat copy of the Irish Times article of November 10, 1940 was given to him. Sir Jocelyn Harry Stewart married to Constance Mary Shillaber. Sir Jocelyn is the 7th great grandson of Sir William Stewart, 1st Baronet. Again, there are no details in his published work on this meeting.

In addition to the errors in Miller's work with respect to Alexander Stewart, he is incorrect in his assertion that Rebecca's father was John Galbraith of Newton Cunningham that appears in The Stewart Genealogy on page 21. On page 19 Miller states "...that according to tradition Rebecca was the daughter of John Galbraith." Well documented research by members of Clan Galbraith Association states that Rebecca was the daughter of James Galbraith, who came to Colonial America in 1718.

Additional Issues as to the
Creditability of Miller’s Work

In my copy of "A Family of Millers and Stewarts" which I obtained some years ago from the Library of Congress, the reference to Rebecca Galbraith on the above chart has been crossed out and replaced, apparently by Miller, with the notation "Rose Hall'. In the Foreword, on page 19, Miller states, "The genealogy of the families of the Fort Stewarts is given as approved by the Stewart Society of Edinburgh, Scotland." The presumption here is that the Society approved Miller's genealogy chart, on which he subsequently made a number of additions and corrections. The original chart and the chart included in "Frontier Families" contain none of these penciled in notations. Given the number of errors in Miller's work, it raises a further question as to the creditability of Alexander Stewart, son of Colonel William Stewart being married to Rebecca Galbraith.

I have done considerable work (Stewart Society and various historical references) on the lineage from the early High Steward's to William Stewart, 1st Baronet, which correct a number of Miller's errors. These corrections are noted in each of the individual entries where the error occurred.

Several other citations follow

Alexander's father was also called Buda Will. "He was called Buda Will, from his having fought in the siege of Buda (Budapest in Hungry in 1686. From a younger son, Alexander, came the family of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. (Source - Stewart Clan Magazine, Volume XI-XV, 1933-1938, page 142)"

"Notes and Queries", by William Henry Egle a respected genealogist dealing in the history of early Pennsylvania families, states in the late 1890's, that "William Stewart, who was a lieutenant in the Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Militia during the Revolutionary War, was the youngest son of Alexander Stewart and Rebecca Galbraith of Fort Stewart and Carnemauga, County Donegal, Ireland. William was born about 1738 at Greenhill near Letterkenny in County Donegal." A good portion of Egle's work relied on interviews with descendants, which in a number of cases proved to be inaccurate.

The December 1927 issue of Stewart Clan Magazine, Vol. VI. No. 6 contains, among other items on the Stewarts, information on Alexander Stewart and Rebecca Galbraith. It is basically a copy of Miller's work and I have not repeated the details here.

The following two observations were submitted by well respected researchers in the Lieutenant William Stewart line.

(1) "Alexander Stewart of Carnemauga owned a small estate called Green Hill which on his death fell to his eldest son Alexander. He married Rebecca Galbraith, daughter of James and Rebecca Chambers Galbraith. The Galbraiths were said to have been from Newton Cunningham - still unproven. Alexander died about 1745 and his widow and younger children came to Pennsylvania. Rebecca Galbraith Stewart's will was dated December 28, 1748. She did not mention son, Alexander , who stayed in Ireland. She did name 'my son' James Karr. I believe she meant son-in-law James Karr - husband of Elizabeth Karr, one of the witnesses. I believe Elizabeth Stewart Karr/Kerr was another child of Alexander and Rebecca Galbraith Stewart. I believe that Elizabeth received her inheritance in Ireland as did Alexander Jr." (Taken from notes of Mary Hazeltine Cole, Kentfield, California)

(2) "I feel there is circumstantial evidence that Alexander was a son of Col. William Stewart and someone had to have info from somewhere to say Rebecca was married to Alexander, it was not taken out of thin air. They were in the same area of Donegal and the will of 1713 does name Alexander, he was the youngest son according to that and the date would fit. So it stands to reason that he may have been given a farm/estate in Greenhill, Cranamogaugh. I understand that those who have found Greenhill found it was just farms and not a townland.

"I found somewhere in my searches of the time then that in 1740 the country was ravaged by smallpox and at the same time 1740/1 there was famine so I have often thought that both Alexander Sr. and Jr. died. Not everyone died of smallpox so Rebecca and the rest of the children may not have gotten it. Her money may have come from the sale of the farm in Greenhill as we know she didn't come empty handed.
I have also often thought that maybe James Karr was a foster son as we have never found proof of his parents. Was there not something said somewhere that she traveled with Karr's/Kerr's ?
Also, do we see any other Stewart's in the area of Ramelton. Charles Stewart did live in Donegal but it was at the other end of the county at Horn head and there is nothing in anything about him that says there was an Alexander or a Rebecca so I have figured he may have been a cousin of the Ramelton folks but not a son or brother." (Source - Pegi Males Nelson)

Another Look

"The Index of Wills Diocese of Raphoe, Donegal, 1684-1858, lists an Alexander Stewart, Cranmogach, will dated 1715. As we consider whether this may be the Alexander Stewart married to Rebecca Galbraith, a bit of background is helpful.

The Diocese of Raphoe is an ecclestical boundary and includes nearly the whole of County Donegal with the exception of the Barony of Inishowen. Green Hill would be under the jurisdiction of the Diocese.

As pointed out on the web site of Jane Lyons and as stated on the Index site, the Church of Ireland as the Established Church was responsible for all testamentary affairs. Each Diocese had a Consistorial Court which was responsible for granting probate to a will. Probate is the legal authentification of a will and confers on the administrators the power to administer the estate. These courts also had the power to grant letters of Administration to the next of kin or the main creditor on the estates of those who died intestate (without making a will. Each Court was responsible for its own Diocese, but if the person owned property valued at more than £5 in another diocese then the responsibility for the will or the administration passed on to the Prerogative Court. The Prerogative Court was under the responsibility of the Archbishop of Armagh.

The Church of Ireland at that time was Anglican. This raises an initial question, did they have jurisdiction in such matters over the Presbyterians in Ulster.

As I understand it, Presbyterianism in Ireland dates from the time of the Plantation of Ulster in 1610. They were initially under the jurisdiction of the Church of Scotland but by 1642 they had established the Presbytery of Ulster under the jurisdiction of chaplains of the Scottish army. Under Cromwell congregations multiplied and new presbyteries were formed.

Were the Presbyterians in Ulster at that time bound by or under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Raphoe (a) with respect to religious matters and (b) legal issues, such as wills, etc? I do not know the answer. I believe all individuals in Ulster were subject to the payment of tithes to support the Church of Ireland which, of course, was not looked upon with favor by the Presbyterians.

As I reviewed the list there was only one Gilbraith (Galbraith), a James, from Cavanasa in 1777. None of the Stewarts from the Noble line are listed. Alexander Stewart of Cranmogagh, will dated 1715, may be the individual married to Rebecca Galbraith. However, assuming he was born about 1700, he would have been about 15 or so years of age, again raising a question. Is it possible that the list contains only Anglicans?

I have listed this comment here for future reference.

Prior to reaching a conclusion let's review where Rebecca may have been born and where she might have resided prior to her marriage.

When her father came to Colonial America he settled in West Conestoga Township that later, in 1722, became East Donegal Township. He was a member of the Derry Presbyterian Church and is buried in the Derry Presbyterian Churchyard in Lancaster County. He was a prominent man in that area. It is reasonable to conclude that he probably came from the Derry area (Londonderry) in County Donegal, Ireland.

Dave Colwell in his excellent article "The 1718 Galbraiths" that appeared in the August issue of The Red Tower, Clan Galbraith Association makes a compelling case that James, the father of Rebecca, was the son or natural son (born out of wedlock) of a natural son of James Galbraith, the Gudman of Balgair, Scotland. James, the Gudman came to the Province of Ulster with his family in 1614.

James Galbraith, the Gudman of Balgair, Scotland and his wife, Mary Buchanan, had at least four sons and a possible daughter. The sons of James Galbraith of Balgair were James, Robert, Humphrey, and William. "The first three were well known, well respected, and well documented in various accounts and histories of Donegal in the 1600s. These Galbraiths were a leading Donegal family at that time. James served twice as a Member of the Irish Parliament and later as a Lt. Col. in the Lagan Army, which was a military force of Scottish immigrants in Donegal, mobilized to confront the Catholic Irish uprising in 1641, and which later fought a losing battle against the forces of Oliver Cromwell and Parliament. Robert was also a Lt. Col. in the Lagan Army. There is a possibility that both James and Robert had previous military service fighting in the Thirty Years War on the Continent and were accorded high rank in the Lagan Army because of it. Humphrey served as a minister in the Church of Ireland, an Anglican church, and rose to the senior position of Archdeacon. There are only a few references to William in the historical record and we know little about him, except that he is explicitly referred to as a brother to the others." James, the Gudman, also had at least five natural sons, one of whom may be the father of James Galbraith (1666-1744)the father of Rebecca.

Given the prominence of the Stewarts and Galbraiths in Donegal it is reasonable to assume that Alexander and Rebecca may have met and married.

Dave Cowell also has some interesting comments of the marriage of Alexander and Rebecca that appear in "The 1718 Galbraiths" on this web site under "Histories".


While we may never know the answer to this, but given the circumstantial evidence, I have elected to treat Alexander Stewart, married to Rebecca Galbraith, as the son of Colonel William Stewart and great-grandson of Sir William Stewart (1582-1646) of the Noble Stewart line.

The Son Alexander

A second question arises and that is what happened to the older son Alexander Stewart, brother of Lieutenant William Stewart, who was reported to have inherited the property and remained in Ireland. The only information that I have been able to obtain on him comes from (1) 'A Family of Millers and Stewarts', which is suspect, and (2) 'Stewart Clan Magazine' following, which appears to be based on some degree of speculation and no sources are cited. I have elected not to enter on the web site the children and grandchildren of the older son Alexander, as furnished by these two sources.

"Alexander Stewart, born about. 1725, in County Donegal, is a traditional character. It was partly for the purpose of clarifying this genealogy that we commenced this detailed interview of the Stewart families in the North of Ireland and make it practical, for there are a number of persons of Stewart descent in the United States who have asserted their descent to be through Lieut. William Stewart of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, a brother of this traditional Alexander, but who are obviously mistaken or are just plain bunglers. Alexander Stewart is said to have inherited the Carnemauga farm in County Donegal on his father's death, after 1734, and remained there, married and had children, while his mother, Rebecca (Galbraith) Stewart, with her other children, left the old sod for ampler prospects in America. Now, the traditional descent of Lieut. William seems all right. But the story of his oldest brother, said to have been Alexander, needs repair. His son Samuel, who died in Ohio on Aug. 20, 1835, is estimated to have been born about 1754, which could be. His wife Elizabeth, who died in Ohio on Dec. 14, 1837, kept a certificate of good certificate which the Reformed Presbyterian minister at Green Hill had given her on June 3, 183l. We can dismiss this branch, for there is no dissension among their descendants. The rub is over Lieut. William's descendants, principally because he had a Revolutionary war record. It is possible that some of the claimants are descended from one of Lieut. William's other brothers, Charles and Robert. They were probably Revolutionary soldiers, too." (Source - Stewart Clan Magazine, Tome I, Volume 37, February 1960).

As mentioned above, Miller in his book lists grandchildren of Alexander II who were reported to have come to America. The following paragraphs refute this position.

Miller states, among other things, (1) that William Stewart {son of Lieutenant William Stewart} married Eleanor Knox of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (2) settled on property on the Susquehanna River, which property was given to him by his father Lieutenant William Stewart (3) subsequently moved to Wayne County, Ohio, and (4) was the grandfather of J. H. Stewart.

An H. E. Keep (Helen Elizabeth Keep) of Detroit, Michigan, in "Egle's Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania, 1700s-1800s, annual Volume 1898, XXXI, page 185 states, "William Stewart married Mary Knox, of Harrisburg, and removed to Bridgeport, Ohio." On page 186, she states that, "William Stewart married Eleanor Knox and lists their six children, the youngest of which is named William. Whether Miller copied Keep's work, which was written some 10 years earlier, without attribution, I do not know. See additional comments on Keep below.

Additionally, Miller does not show a Charles or a Robert as brothers of Lieutenant William Stewart.

I believe that Miller made a fundamental error in his reliance on the several letters he received from J. H. Stewart as shown on page 20 in "A Family of Millers and Stewarts" as commented on in the following paragraph. Miller's error was compounded throughout the remainder of his analysis with respect to William Stewart II, as explained in further detail below.

As near as I can determine the only male Stewarts in America, that may be from the lineage of Sir William Stewart above, are the descendants of the sons of Lieutenant William and possibly, Charles and Robert.

The Keeps of Detroit Michigan

In an article in Egle's Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania, Annual Volume 1898, XXXI, pages 185-186, an H. E. Keep from Detroit, Michigan states that Lieutenant William Stewart married to Mary Gass, was an adjutant in Hazen's Regiment, called Congress Own, in the Revolutionary War. She also states that William Stewart married Mary Knox, of Harrisburg, and removed to Bridgeport, Ohio. She later gives the children of that union, but uses the name Eleanor instead of Mary as the wife of Lieutenant William. She also mentions that William Jr. and his son became importers of stock from Ireland and Scotland and renewed their acquaintance with the family in Ireland and finally that some of these relatives came to Ohio to visit this branch of the family. As Miller's' book was not published until 1909, did he have access to Keep's letter and other material and simply included it in his book. Perhaps he had access to this material and did some further research, which in any case proved to be incorrect.

I was finally able to locate a Helen Elizabeth Keep, the daughter of William John Keep and Frances Sarah Henderson, the granddaughter of Dr. William Gates Henderson and Hannah Isabella Stewart, and the great-granddaughter of Robert Stewart, born September 17, 1718 (son of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County) and Mary Young, born April 23, 1786. Helen Elizabeth Keep is the 3rd cousin of Dr. Robert F. Miller.

A search of the Lineage Books of the Daughters of the American Revolution did not disclose a listing for a Helen Elizabeth Keep as a descendant of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County. She is, however, listed as a descendant of Samuel Keep, 1739-1823, who served as a sergeant at the Lexington alarm, [DAR ID Number 30711, Mrs. Elizabeth Keep Clark, Born in Hartford, Ohio, wife of George Mark Clark) Mrs. Elizabeth Keep Clark is the aunt of Helen Elizabeth Keep.

In an earlier article in Egle's Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania, Annual Volume 1898, XI, pages 70 and 71, an "F.S.K." of Detroit, Michigan makes the reference to Hazen's regiment, lists the children of Lieutenant William Stewart from the old family bible, but does not give the names of the spouses except for Galbraith, married to Elizabeth Scott, Robert married to Mary Young and George married to Jane Nelson. I believe that "F.S.K." refers to Frances Sarah Keep who is the mother of Helen Elizabeth Keep.

There is a another article by Helen E. Keep, Annual Volume 1898, XIV, page 85, in which she lists the descendants of the John Young - Elizabeth Elder marriage. Their daughter Mary married Robert Stewart, son of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County. She also states that Mary's sister, Elizabeth, born 1795, married a Charles Stewart of Hubbard, Ohio and that this Charles was not a relative of Robert.

It would appear that the Keeps had this information some few years before Miller. Did Miller rely on it and erroneously conclude that John Charles Stewart was the grandson of William Stewart, born 1779.

In Tome F of The Stewart Clan Magazine, the editor, George Thomas Edson, states that the above William Stewart, "...bought November 15, 1794, of William Cook. Esq. of Point Township 200 acres of land on Larry's creek, on the northeast side of the West branch of the Susquehanna River, opposite lands of Charles Stewart and adjoining the lands of George Nelson, Peter Duffy and others in Lycoming County (set off from Northumberland County in 1796). The Charles Stewart whose land was on the opposite side of Larry's Creek was undoubtedly the Lieutenant Charles Stewart from Paxtang who married Elizabeth Hunter about 1767. He was not the father of William. ... "This William Stewart married about 1796 Jane Quigley and we shall guess that some of the children of William and Jane were (a) William Quigley Stewart, born 1797 in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, married January 17, 1829, Phoebe Lawrence, Wayne County, Ohio (b) Alexander married Eunice Ward (c) Samuel, died in 1835 (d) David, died in 1838 and (e) James Charles Stewart, married August 30, 1832, Harriet Patience Mason."

As Edson states above that "...we shall guess that some of the children...", it is possible that James Charles Stewart, may not be a son of William Stewart of Lycoming Township, Northumberland County.

James Charles Stewart is the father of J. H. Stewart. His comments about his father being born on the silvery Susquehanna are probable correct based on the above paragraph.

This William Stewart of Lycoming Township, Northumberland County is not the son of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County.

As pointed out in Stewart Clan Magazine, Tome G, November 1953, "In his book Mr. Miller inserted some records given him by J. H. Stewart which tend to support the statement that James Charles Stewart of Wayne County, Ohio had Irish connections, although we cannot see what they have to do with Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania."

As Edson pointed out on page 18 of Tome G, Volume 31, November 1953, "J. H. went to Ireland one time to find his ancestors. He succeeded in locating a small place named Green Hill, in County Donegal. He found a gentleman in that neighborhood who said he was Sir John James Stewart. When the American stated his mission the Irish gentleman spoke so gruffly and so rather arrogantly that the interview lasted hardly three minutes, and J. H. started for home, convinced, however, that he now had his genealogy sewed up. He really and truly was descended from the Stewarts of Fort Stewart, Donegal, Lords Mountjoy, and before them the noble house of Darnley and so to the first, or the brusque Sir John James would have denied it."

When I first started to document my search for the forebears of J. H. Stewart, I was of the view that he may have been a descendant of either Charles or Robert Stewart, brothers of Lieutenant William Stewart of Cumberland County. Nowhere in any of the Keep material is there a reference to a Jane Quigley, only Eleanor Knox. Edson in Stewart Clan Magazine, Tome G, November 1953, Number 5, states, "We found no proof that William Stewart and Eleanor Knox ever lived in Wayne County. An Eleanor Stewart died April 24, 1859, aged 71 years and was buried in the city cemetery at Wooster." While Galbraith Stewart, son of Lieutenant William and brother of William bought government land in Sugar Creek Township in 1819; there is no indication that he had any connection to the Stewarts in Wayne County.

Rebecca Galbraith, had three sons; Charles, Robert and Lieutenant William and three daughters, Elizabeth, Frances and Margaret. My assumption is that all of these children came to America in 1745 with their mother, Rebecca Galbraith Stewart. Rebaka Stuart's will (Rebecca Stewart), dated December 28, 1748, the original of which I examined in the archives of the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Courthouse provides, among other things, as follows: "Imprimis, viz, I give & bequeath to my son Charles Stuart the I know onley it is to be valued by tow inderrent men when the preches if first lad off then one third is for Charity, & the other tow parts is to be equally divid between Robert and William Stuart my tow sons." After bequeaths to Frances and Margaret, the will provides "I alow to be equal to my three sons after all debts is discharged." I assume the reason that Elizabeth is not mentioned in the will is that she was married to James Karr, (James Kerr) one of the two executors and/or that she received her inheritance in Ireland from her father, Alexander.

I had earlier thought that either Charles or Robert may have had a son named William who was estranged from Lieutenant William's family and this is what J. H. Stewart was referring to in his letter of July 23, 1898, when he states "... when his family were grown, there was a disagreement, and my grandfather William Stewart II, moved to Ohio...".

Finally, in the letter of July 23, 1898, J. H. Stewart states that "... my great-grandfather came to America after his older brother Alexander, succeeded to the family estate ...". I believe that J. H. Stewart may have obtained this information from the Keeps, see "Egle's Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania, 1700s-1800s, Annual Volume 1898, XXXI, Page 185", which information was furnished by H. E. Keep of Detroit, Michigan.

Miller's and Keep's error with respect to William Stewart II was not picked up by descendants applying for membership in The Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Descendants of Lieutenant William, other than William II, probably accepted Miller's and Keep's version as the facts in their respective situations were generally correct and they had no reason to seriously question his work. Descendants of John Charles Stewart, the son of William II, also had no reason to question Miller's work.

On page 19 Miller states "... that Lieut. Wm. Stewart was of noble birth, but disagreeing with his family, left Green Hill...he resented his older brother's inheritance of the estate of Carnemauga.." Lieutenant Stewart was seven years of age in 1745 when he left for America with his mother and other siblings. We have no exact date as to the birth of Alexander, the purported older brother, who inherited the estate. As Alexander and Rebecca's marriage date is listed, as about 1732, then Alexander would have been not more than 13 years of age. Again, it appears that Miller may have reached an incorrect conclusion. As noted above, I have no information as to why Rebecca came to America other than her father, her sister and her uncles and their families were in Lancaster County. My work on the Galbraith family indicates that they were successful and well established in Lancaster County at that time. Also Rebecca's sister, Elinor, was married to Benjamin Gass and they appear to be equally successful and established.

On page 19, Miller states "The name John, as the father of Rebecca, is assumed ..." Well documented research on the Galbraith line shows that Rebecca's father was James Galbraith, born about 1666 in Ireland who emigrated to America with his brother and their families in 1718. Some sources state that Rebecca was born about 1698 while other sources show the date as about 1703. I assume that the earlier date is correct, as she would have been about 20 years of age, probably married, when her father and family left for America.

Robert Stewart is, in fact, a son of Lieutenant William Stewart. The two trees show the same children as Miller except they do not include Phoebe, Galbraith and surprisingly James Charles Stewart, but do include a Hannah Stewart, further confusing the situation. There are no descendants listed for these children. Given the erroneous listings and lack of documentation, I have not pursued this further as I suspect the reference to William and Eleanor Knox was extracted from Miller's work. The submitter of these two family trees is Norris Schiewe, 432 Harrison Street, Port Clinton, Ohio.

Letters of J. H. Stewart

We only have his recollections and as we shall see there are some inconsistencies in the several letters. In none of these does he mention the name of his great-grandfather or his great-grandfather wife or the wife of his grandfather. I wonder whether he was aware of their names.

In the letter dated July 23, 1898 he states "... when his family was grown, there was a disagreement ... and in many instances family troubles were never settled." The letter from Robert Stewart, the youngest son, to his brother Galbraith telling of the death of their brother William does not indicate any long-standing family problems. As a matter of fact Robert, who lived on the inherited property at Indian Run, approximately ten miles south of the town of Mercer, Mercer County, Pennsylvania, and speaking fondly of his brother William, states that he plans "... to go next Monday to see the Widow and Fatherless Children..." At that time William was living in Dutch Hill, east of the Allegheny River, about 18 miles southwest of where the town of Clarion now stands. I would estimate the distance between Indian Run and Dutch Hill at about 33 miles, consistent with Robert's comment about visiting the widow and fatherless children. If Robert were going to Bridgeport in Wayne County, Ohio, and at least 150 to 175 miles from Indian Run, I would have thought the tone of the letter to be different.

In the letter dated April 21, 1909, J. H. Stewart states "... I will say that I have not a great fund of knowledge relative to the Stewart family, other than tradition and our family Bible ...". This presumably the bible that Helen E. Keep was referring to in her letter to Egle.

In the letter dated May 9, 1909, J. H. Stewart refers to "... Galbraith (who died young and was named for my grandfather's brother, your ancestor) ..." Again, I believe the parenthesis was supplied by Miller who continued with his erroneous assumption. In my view, J. H. was not attributing Galbraith's name to his grandfather brother, it was Miller. The names Elinor and Ann, were common Christian names in the Stewart line and Elinor was a sister of Rebecca Galbraith Stewart.

In the letter dated May 11th he states that Alexander and Elizabeth died in Ohio and willed the property to his father and that his grandfather William II was alive at the time. Elizabeth died March 14, 1876 and Alexander died January 21, 1877. If William were alive in 1877 when Alexander died he would have been 98 years of age. (Our William Stewart died August 9, 1825) The Anne Stewart, born 1805, died 1862, that he cites as a daughter of William II and sister of his father, James Charles Stewart, is shown as the grandmother of Mrs. Noel Morehouse Hainer, DAR # 89958. On her DAR listing Mrs. Hainer also lists a Bennet Scott Thrapp (1810-1898) as the husband of Ann Stewart. Further, Mrs. Hainer lists William II's date of death as 1839, well before the death of Elizabeth and Alexander but well after the date of death mentioned in Robert's letter to Galbraith above. Mrs. Hainer additionally states that William II was born 1779 and that he married Jane Quigley (born 1783, died 1823) in 1800. Representatives at the Pennsylvania Historical Society in Philadelphia and the Genealogy Section of the Philadelphia Free Library advised me that the Lineage Books of the Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution contain many erroneously listings. I searched the somewhat voluminous books listing corrections but could not find any reference to a correction on Jane Quigley. Obviously William II's date of birth as 1779, agrees with my own analysis.

(Notes to File - JP Rhein)
Stewart, Alexander (I0012)
174 Commemorative Biographical Records of Central PA including the counties of Centre, Clearfield, Jefferson & Clarion, J.H. Beers & Co., 1898; and History of Clarion County biographical sketches by A.J. Davis, 1887.


Washington A. Craig, proprietor of the Craig Roller Mill in Toby township, is unquestionably one of the strong and influential business men whose lives have become an essential part of the history of Clarion county. He is enterprising, energetic, and always abreast with the time, and has been rewarded by a comfortable competence.

Mr. Craig was born October 22, 1841, on the old homestead which forms a part of his present farm, his parents being James and Jane (Ferguson) Craig, who were born, reared and married in Indiana county. After various removals they located at the present home of our subject, in 1830, and being a millwright as well as a farmer, the father erected the mill which is still owned and operated by his son. He was a public-spirited and progressive man, was first a Whig and later a Republican in politics, and although he never aspired to office, he creditably filled several local positions of honor and trust. He was a leading member of the Associate Presbyterian Church and in 1858 united with the U.P. Church, and served as elder for many years prior to his death, which occurred in February, 1877, when seventy-four years of age. The mother departed this life in April, 1857, at the age of fifty-three, and both were laid to rest in the Associate Church cemetery of Rimersburg.

Our subject is the seventh of the children born to this worthy couple, the others being: William F., John R., deceased, who was a school teacher and farmer by occupation, and was an elder in the United Presbyterian Church; Mary J., who died at the age of nine years; James, a retired attorney living in Clarion county; Rufus, a farmer and contractor of Madison township; Robert, who was a Union soldier during the Civil war and is now a farmer of Indiana county, Penn.; David M., who died December 27, 1862, from sickness contracted in the army (in which he was a member of Company H. 155th P.V.I.), and was buried in Clarion county; and Amanda C., who died at the age of nine years. After the death of his first wife, the father wedded Mary A. McCane, by whom he had six children, namely: Harvey McC., an agriculturalist of Sandy Holly, Clarion county; Thomas H., a farmer of Toby township; Professor Samuel R., who is engaged in teaching in the public schools of Clarion county, Penn.; Charles F., a farmer of Sligo; and Eva R. and Anna C., who live on the old homestead in Toby township.

Washington A. Craig spent the days of his boyhood and youth on the home farm, where he remained until August 22, 1862, when he laid aside all personal interests to aid his country in her struggle to preserve the Union. He became a member of Company H. 155th P.V.I., under Capt. John Ewing, and among the various engagements in which he participated were the hard-fought battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Ann River, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. He was never wounded and was never off duty for a single day during his entire service. At the time of Lee's surrender, our subject, with Corp. G.H. Clever, privates of J.C. Barnett, A.G. Lewellen, C.M. Smith, G. Kribbs, of Company K, and William Eich, of Company E, all of the 155th Regiment, P.V.I., in the town of Appomattox captured 116 Rebels, including sixteen officers, of whom a colonel was the highest in rank, and marched them into the Union lines. Of the two swords Mr. Craig secured at this time, one he gave to his second lieutenant and the other he still has in his possession. On joining the army he was made sergeant, was promoted tot he rank of corporal March 24, 1863, sergeant April 25, 1864, and when the war was over was mustered out June 2, 1865 at Washington, District of Columbia.

During his youth, Mr. Craig worked on the home farm and in the mill until the age of twenty years, when he began learning the carpenter's trade, working for David Gwin, of Rimersburg, for one season. On his return from the army he entered the employ of his father and brothers, William and John, who then owned the mill and at the end of a year he purchased John's interest. When the father died, he and his brother William bought the interest of the other heirs, and together they operated the mill until the spring of 1888, when our subject became sole owner. The building was erected and equipped in 1831 but in 1891 was remodeled by Mr. Craig, making it one of the best roller mills of its size in the county, its capacity being from twenty-five to thirty barrels of flour every twenty-four hours. It can be run both by water and steam power, and the race is supported by Licking creek. In his business ventures, Mr. Craig has prospered and now owns besides his mill property two or three fine farms, and also has ready money.

On September 21, 1871, at Curllsville, Rev. Dr. Mateer performed a wedding ceremony which united the destinies of Mr. Craig and Miss Mary E. McAuley, who was born in Toby township, Clarion county, November 27, 1847, a daughter of Rev. John and Jeannetta E. (Reed) McCauley, natives of Wythe county, Va., and Cincinnati, Ohio, respectively. Her parents met and were married near the town of Hanover, Ind. For many years the father was a minister of the Seceder Church, but in 1869 he joined the Covenanter Church. His last two years were spent in retirement and he died at Sligo, in August 1883, at the age of seventy-six years and seven months. His wife passed away May 2, 1892, aged seventy-six years, and both were buried in the Seceder cemetery at Rimersburg. They had come to Clarion county in 1838 and first located near Rimersburg in Toby township, but after a few months removed to Jefferson county, where he was engaged in preaching for a time. He had charge of the congregation in Rimersburg from 1840 until 1869 and then removed to Sligo, where his last days were spent. His parents were Daniel and Margaret (Rains) McAuley, natives of North Carolina, who died in the West. By occupation, Daniel McAuley was a farmer. The maternal grandparents of Mrs. Craig were William and Sarah (Bigham) Reed, of Pennsylvania, where the former engaged in agricultural pursuits.

Mrs. Craig ist he fourth in order of birth in a family of six children, of whom the others are as follows: Rev. William, a minister of the Associate Presbyterian Church, who now resides with our subject; Margaret, wife of John Langley, a farmer of Armstrong county; Sarah, wife of Nathaniel S. Coulter, a druggist of Sligo; Dr. Auley, who died at the age of forty-four years; and Rebecca A., who was twice married, first to J.M. Smith, who died in 1887 and second (1893) to Aaron Ellenberger, a farmer in Armstrong county.

Mr. Craig is an honored and popular member of the Grand Army Post of Sligo, and in this way keeps up his acquaintance with his old army comrades. He is a stalwart supporter of the principles of the Republican party, and is a faithful member of the Associate Presbyterian Church. He has a good library of his own, is a great reader, and is well posted on the leading topics and issues of the day. His loyalty as a citizen and devotion to his country's interests have never been question, it being as often manifested in the days of peace as when on Southern battle-fields he followed the old flag to victory. He is therefore recognized as one of the most valued citizens of his community, and all who know him have for him the highest regard.

Biographical Sketches by A.J. Davis)
Craig, Washington Adams (I4109)
175 CRAIG, CHARLES FREMONT — Services in memory of Charles Freemont Craig, 83, well known Sligo farmer, who died March 12, 1947, were conducted from the family home, Saturday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. The Rev. E. D. Crawford, pastor of the Presbyterian church, conducted the service. Interment followed in the Sligo cemetery, under the direction of Guy M. Hawk. He had been in declining health for a number of years. Mr. Craig was born in Madison township, Clarion county, November 25, 1863, son of the late James and Mary (McClaine) Craig. On August 27, 1885, he married Minnie Mae Anderson who died in October 1936. Mr. Craig followed the farming business for many years. Later in life he operated the Sligo grist mill. He was a member of the United Presbyterian church. He is survived by the following children: Mrs. Jessie Hoover, Sligo, R.D. ; Mrs. Nina McMaster, St. Petersburg; Mrs. Mabel Weeter, Sligo; Mrs. Martha Stewart, Meadvile; Hobart Craig, Rimersburg; William Craig, Knox, R.D.; Ira Craig, Cleveland, Ohio; Mrs. Eva Belle McClaine, East Brady; Mrs. Mae McCall, Rimersburg, R.D.; Herman Craig and Mrs. Alma Heeter, both of Sligo. Fifty four grandchildren, twenty great grandchildren and a sister, Mrs. Eva Kinser, of Sligo also survive. Mr. Craig was preceded in death by a son, Edward S. Craig, in July 1926. Submitted by Pegi Males-Nelson Craig, Charles Fremont (I4127)
176 CRAIG, KATE (TURNEY) — Mrs. Kate Turney Craig, 79, well known resident of Piney township died in her home near Sligo, Sunday, November 17, after a lingering illness. Mrs. Craig was born in Monroe township, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John C. Turney, and when quite young moved to Piney township, where she spent most of her life,. She was a member of the Reformed Lutheran Church at Curllsville, and an associate member of the Sunday School of the Sligo Presbyterian church. October 17, 1898, she was united in marriage with Thomas H. Craig who departed this life December 24, 1937. She leaves one niece, Miss Bernadette Turney of Chicago, Ill., and two nephews, Turney E. Colwell of Bellevue and L. R. Colwell of Pittsburgh. Services were held from the Hawk Funeral Home in Sligo, Tuesday afternoon, conducted by the Rev. E. D. Crawford of the Sligo Presbyterian church, and interment was in the Sligo cemetery. Submitted by Pamela Grewell.  Turney, Kate (I4145)
177 CRAIG, MARY AGNES (HARTMAN) - MRS. MARY AGNES CRAIG- MRS. CRAIG, EX-SLIGO WOMAN, DIES — SLIGO- Mrs. Mary Agnes Craig, 61 of 39 1/2 Center Street, North East, former Sligo resident and widow of Thomas Hobart Craig, died unexpectedly at 2 a.m. Saturday at her residence. Born in Toby Township, Clarion county, Dec. 2, 1898, she was a daughter of Samuel and Agnes Winters Hartman. She was married to Mr. Craig in 1917. He died in 1958. She had lived in the Sligo vicinity until about six years ago when she moved to North Ease. She was a member of the Associate Presbyterian Church in Rimersburg. She is survived by five sons: Edwin of Lowellville, O., Thomas of Rimersburg RD 1, Herbert of East Brady RD, Wade of North East and Robert with the U.S. Army in Germany; six daughters, Mrs. Agnes Males of Pinellas Park, Fla., Mrs. Anna Belle Pritchard of North East RD 3, Mrs. Wayne Grazier of Erie, Mrs. Mary Wright of Bruin, Mrs. Robert Mong of North East and Barbara, at home, and 17 grandchildren. A son, Connell, is deceased. The body was removed to the Hawk Funeral Home in Sligo. Submitted by Pegi Males-Nelson.  Hartman, Mary Agnes (I2915)
178 CRAIG, THOMAS HOBART ("Hobe") — Thomas H. Craig, 61, of North East, Pa., died January 21, 1958 in the Passavant Hospital, Pittsburgh. He was born July 20, 1896 in Sligo, the son of Charles F. and Minnie Mae Anderson Craig. He was married to Mary Agnes Hartman in 1917, who survives. Those surviving beside his wife are six daughters: Agnes Males, North East, Annabelle Prichard, North East, Elsie Grazier, Erie, Mary Wright, Bruin, Luella and Barbara, at home; five sons Charles Edwin, Lowellville, O. Thomas C., Curllsville, Herbert, East Brady, Wade and Robert, at home three brothers: William of Knox, Ira, of Cleveland, O., and Herman , of Rimersburg; seven sisters; Mrs. Grant Hoover, Sligo, Mrs. Nina McMaster, Pittsburgh, Mrs. Mable White, Warren, Mrs. Ira Stewart, Meadville, Mrs. Evabelle McClain, East Brady, Mrs. May McCall, Clarion, RD, and Mrs. Carl Heeter, Sligo, and 16 grandchildren. A daughter, Connie, preceded him in death in 1942. He had been a resident of Sligo before moving to North East several years ago. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, Sligo, and the Moose, Clarion. Funeral services were held Friday, January 24, 1958, at 2 p.m. at the Hawk Funeral Home, Sligo, with Rev. Harold Orr officiating. Burial was in Rimersburg. Submitted by Pegi Males-Nelson  Craig, Thomas Hobart (I2914)
179 DAR references to John McKinney the American Revolutionary Veteran follow.

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 115
page 132

Mrs. Jane Louisa Mckinney Bacon.
DAR ID Number: 114430
Born in Enterprise, Pa.
Wife of Louis Henry Bacon.
Descendant of John McKinney, as follows:
1. Bruce Charles McKinney (b. 1837) m. 1870 Louisa Anne Brandon (b. 1849).
2. Samuel McKinney (1787-1871) m. 1817 Rachel McKinney (1799-1895).
3. John McKinney m. Mary Llewellyn (parents of Samuel).
John McKinney was a volunteer, 1776, in the Continental Army, serving in Capt. Andrew Long's company, 1st battalion, Pennsylvania rifle regiment commanded by Col. Daniel Broadhead. He was born in North Ireland; died in Centre County, Pa.
Also No. 81726.

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 82
page 274

Miss Carrie May Gosser.
DAR ID Number: 81726
Born in Venango County, Pa.
Descendant of John McKinney.
Daughter of Jacob J. Gosser (b. 1842) and Priscilla Anna Chambers (b. 1845), his wife, m. 1870.
Granddaughter of Joseph Chambers (1816-85) and Margaret Ann McKinney (1826-1902), his wife, m. 1843.
See No. 81725.

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 82
page 274

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 82
page 274

Mrs. Priscilla Anna Gosser.
DAR ID Number: 81725
Born in Franklin, Pa.
Wife of Jacob J. Gosser.
Descendant of John McKinney.
Daughter of Joseph Chambers (1816-85) and Margaret Ann McKinney (1826-1902), his wife, m. 1843.
Granddaughter of Samuel McKinney (1787-1871) and Rachel McKinney (1799-1895), his wife, m. 1817.
Gr-granddaughter of John McKinney and Mary Llewellyn, his wife (parents of Samuel).
John McKinney was a volunteer, 1776, in the Continental Army, serving in Capt. Andrew Long's company, 1st battalion, Pennsylvania Rifle regiment, commanded by Col. Daniel Broadhead. He was born in Ireland; died in Center County, Pa.
McKinney, John (I2925)
180 Darlene Schaffner

Darlene Schaffner, 82, of 529 Sunset Drive, died Thursday morning at Butler Memorial Hospital.

She was born May 1, 1926, in Madison Township, Clarion County, a daughter of the late Gale and Esther Lerch
Stewart. Mrs. Schaffner was a member of the St. Andrew Roman Catholic Church, Center Township.

Surviving are her husband of 61 years, Thomas L. Schaffner Sr. They married July 24, 1947, and she died on
their 61st wedding anniversary. Also surviving are five daughters, Deborah (Gary) Miller of Penn Yan, NY,
Cathy (James) McCormick of New Castle, Ruth Schaffner of Pittsburgh, Mary (Dallas) Sarver of West Sunbury and
Barbara (James) Lachesky of Butler; two sons, Thomas (Bernadette) Schaffner of New Castle and Fulton (Amy)
Schaffner of Robison Township; a brother, Richard Stewart of Rimersburg; four sisters, Marguerite Mundy of
West Virginia, Elsie Pelczarski of California, Rhoda (Harold) Freas of Florida and Norma Parsons of Virginia;
17 grandchildren; and 13 great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by a sister and four brothers.

Friends of Darlene Schaffner, who died Thursday, July 24, 2008, will be received from 6 to 8 p.m. Saturday
and from 2 to 5 p.m. Sunday at the Geibel Funeral Home, 201 E. Cunningham St. A Mass of Christian burial
will be celebrated at 11 a.m. Monday at the St. Andrew Catholic Church, 1660 N. Main St. Extension. The
Rev. James Salberg will officiate. Interment will be at St. Peter Catholic Cemetery. (Source - Furnished by Patti Poling)
Stewart, Virginia Darlene (I9839)
181 David Polliard September 04, 1921 CLARION CTY. E. MADISON TWP. 78 yrs ORGANIC HEART
Burial Cemetery Lot Section Undertaker
09/06/1921 Rimersburg PLOT C.B. STEWART

Polliard, David F. (I3775)
182 Dear Joseph,

Thank you so much for replying to me so quickly and helping me with this. By all means, I would love to have a GEDCOM file.

While always interested in family history, I have a specific reason for my recent research. I am a writer and historian (hoping to have my first book of short stories come out next spring) and am working on a book about my ancestors on both sides of my mother's family who served in the Civil War. I too am a descendant of Hans Jacob Mauni (misspelled Manni in some genealogy papers I have). Now, his grandson (Johan Adam Mauni, jr.) and his wife, Anna Maria Catherine Hilgert (Hilliard) had 13 children, as indicated by your excellent web site and by the information I too have. In mine, the first born, a son, is unnamed; the other 12 are named. In yours, you have the name Jonathan. It's this Jonathan on whom I'm seeking information, because his son was Adam Mohney, born 12/15/1809, Clarion County. He was my 3rd great-grandfather. He was killed by a kick from his horse on Christmas Day, 1857. Adam had four sons who fought in the Civil War; Simon and George survived, while Franklin and Henderson died at Andersonville. George was my great-great-grandfather. Also, the boy's uncle, Michael Hawk (brother of their mother Elizabeth) was in Andersonville and died shortly after being liberated in 1865.

George's grandson, also George Mohney, was my grandfather. George married a Julia Shaffner. Julia's grandfather, Henry, and his two brothers, Phillip and Richard, also fought in Pennsylvania regiments in the war. Henry was badly wounded at Fair Oaks, Richard also survived despite twice being captured, but Phillip was killed at the Battle of Glendale on June 30, 1862.

The fascinating thing here is that Phillip kept a diary, and the day he was killed it was taken from his body by Confederate 2nd Lt. Robert Ward, 13th North Carolina, who kept the book and made entries in it through the remainder of the war. 150 years later, the diary has ended up in the hands of Penn State University, who, despite admitting that my family are the legal owners of it, refuse to return it to us. We own both the natural copyright and the formal Federal copyright, so PSU can do nothing with the diary; only I can grant permission for anyone to publish it or quote from it. I am currently talking with publishers to bring out my book about the diary and the eight - possibly more - members of our family who served in the war. It will also trace Ward's life.

Thus I am trying to perfect my information on the Mohney side; imagine my disappointment that I could not find the name of the Mohney boys' grandfather when so much other information was available! It was just by sheer luck that I found your site and learned his name was Jonathan. I reckon he was born sometime around 1770; Adam was born 1809 so that means the information on the Jonathan you sent me must be for another Jonathan Mohney, as that man's birth was in 1837.

I'm puzzled as to why it is so difficult to find information on this Jonathan Mauni, father of Adam Mohney (b. 1809), because so much is available on his ancestors, siblings and descendants. I deeply appreciate your kindness in helping me.

The search continues - please let me know if you have any advice on which direction I should take, and I'd be happy to supply information on the last five generations of Mohneys if you need it.


August 11, 2014

Mohney, Jonathan (I3250)
183 Death (6 October 1870): Heck, Catherine, female, white, widowed, died 6 October 1879, aged 87y, Perry County, born Pa, died of old age General: All of Catherine's Overmire children moved to Illinois. Emerick, Catherine (I4162)
184 Delp, George,
Piolett Post Office, New Bethlehem, undertaker, and farmer, was born in the township of Porter, Pa., in 1839, and was married in 1860 to Elizabeth A. Pence, who was born in Porter, Pa., in 1837. She was a daughter of Jacob and Lydia (Doverspike) Pence. They were among the early families of New Bethlehem, Pa., and died in Porter, Pa., she in 1878, and her husband, Jacob, died in 1881. Jacob and Lydia had a family of eleven children, seven of whom are now living. Their son George enlisted in the 103d; was taken prisoner and died while confined in Andersonville prison on August 19, 1864. George Delp was a son of Nicholas and Sarah (Foringer) Delp. Nicholas was born in Porter, Pa., in 1812, and died in 1874, and his wife, Sarah, was born in Armstrong county, Pa., in 1819. They were married in 1838, and had a family of nine children, four of whom are now living -- George, Lewis, Margaret M., and Sarah Jane. Nicholas was a son of Lewis and Elizabeth Delp, who were early settlers in Porter, Pa. Sarah was a daughter of DeWald and Mary Forenger.
source: "History of Clarion County, Pennsylvania";
Edited by: A. J. Davis;
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, Syracuse, N. Y.;
1887, p xiv

Delp, George (I2434)
185 Democrat, Clarion, Pa. February 14, 1924

Mrs. Sarah M. (Jack) McNutt, wife of Mr. W. Gordon McNutt, died on Sunday, February 10, 1924, at Clarion.

Mrs. McNutt was a daughter of Michael and Sarah (McKinney) Jack and was born Nov. 13,1857, at Leatherwood, in Porter Township, and lived in the Leatherwood community practically all of her life.

She was married on May 13, 1879, to Mr. McNutt, who now survives her with the following children: Byron and James, New Kensington; William G., Jr., Leatherwood; Edwin V., Harold N., Mrs. Carrie Fowkes, Mrs. Ruth McMaster and Mrs. Ethel Decker, all of Clarion. Four sisters also survive her as follows: Mrs. W. D. Bums, Clarion; Mrs. Mulligan, Pittsburgh; Mrs. Andrew Gourley, Leatherwood; Mrs. S. F. Goheen, Manhattan, Kan. One daughter, three brothers and one sister preceded her in death.

Mrs. McNutt was a faithful and devoted member of the Leatherwood Presbyterian Church from youth and was always active in her support of the same. She was especially interested in the missionary society and rendered true service to the cause.

A brief funeral service was conducted at Clarion by Rev. C. J. Warner, pastor of the First Methodist Church at 1 o'clock Tuesday and the body was taken to the Leatherwood Church when Rev. Allison, of Hawthorn, conducted the funeral service and the body was laid to rest in the cemetery at that place. 
Jack, Sarah Minerva (I1697)
186 Descended from Faramund of the Sicambrian Franks 419 -430 - cousin line to Merovingian Kings. (Source - The Stewarts, The Stewart Society, Vol. 21 No 2, 2001, Edinburgh) Froamidus, Count of Brittany (I2799)
187 Details on Margaret Stewart furnished by Mary H.Cole. "I believe she is the sister of William Stewart." (

It is thought that Margaret (Margery) Stewart, the wife of David Elder, was the sister of Lieutenant William Stewart. (Source - Frontier Families of Toby Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania by Heber Rankin, Janice Yingling, Editor, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 1995)

"His wife Margaret is said to have been a noble man's daughter, to have been very skillful in fancy needle work." (Source - Book written about David Elder by Thomas Elder, 1905) 
Stewart, Margaret (I0156)
188 Details on the first three generations of the Jack family was taken from - One World Tree. (Note to File - JP Rhein) Jack, James (I3202)
189 Died without issue leaving her husband A. J. Smith and four brothers William, Joseph, John and James Milligan the property described in deed dated December 26, 1906 in Book 91, pp 456. A. J. Smith died before December 26, 1906 leaving the Milligans as heirs, each with title to a fourth of the land. On December 26, 1906, James Milligan and Lussectta, his wife, of Porter Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania sold to Joseph Milligan, 76 acres for $200.00.

Eliza Milligan Smith was buried May 23, 1903 at Rimersburg Cemetery, Clarion County, Pennsylvania. There is limited information available on the reocrds at Eccles-Memorial Web site. It states that she is the wife of Niles (Miles) Smith. His death record states that he died in 1919 and was 81 years of age. This date is in conflict with his year of birth as listed on this site. (Note to File - JP Rhein) 
Milligan, Eliza Jane (I1931)
190 Died without issue. (Source - The Irish Times, Saturday, November 10, 1940) Stewart, Sir James Annesley (I1380)
191 DITTY, MARY — Mrs. Mary Ditty died at Rimersburg April 6th, aged 92 years, lacking 7 days. She was born in Carlisle, Pa. April 13th 1804 and moved to Armstrong, now Clarion county with her husband James Ditty in the year 1826. They settled in the vicinity of Curllsville and lived there for a considerable time. James Ditty died about 35 years ago, aged 68 years, leaving a family of 13 children, nine sons and four daughters, only five of whom are now living. William, the oldest son, resides at Rimersburg, where his mother died, and Alex A., the youngest, lives at Leisure Run, near New Bethlehem. Mrs. Ditty's health had been remarkably good up to the time of her fall which resulted in her death. She was a bright and active had received her second sight and was able to knit lace from fine thread without glasses. She fell from her chair while at supper several weeks before her death, unjointing her hip and causing severe suffering. She was never able to lie down after her fall, but sat propped up in a chair. Her husband's death occurred from heart failure while sitting at the supper table. At the time of Mrs. Ditty's death she had 88 grandchildren and 40 great-grandchildren. All the Ditty's in this part of the state are descendants of hers. Clarion Journal 4/30/1896. Crowell, Mary Caralina (I4034)
192 Divorced. Robert Giffen Stewart, son of Col. Robert Wright Stewart who was ousted by the Rockefellers from the chairmanship of Standard Oil Co. of Indiana (TIME, March 18, 1929); by his second wife. Mrs. Phyllis Shaw Stewart, named a "dangerous girl" by his first wife who divorced him in 1921; in Chicago. Grounds: desertion. Settlement: $340,000 over ten years. (Source - Time Magazine, May 6, 1935) Stewart, Robert Giffen (I1335)
193 Donald E. McKinney, 80, a prominent Warren County Funeral director of 30 West Main St., Youngsville, died Friday, Dec. 14, 2007, after a courageous battle with Parkinson's disease.

Born March 5, 1927, in Sligo, Clarion County, he was the son of the late John D. and Zelma McGinnis McKinney.

Born of Irish descent, Mr. McKinney was proud of his heritage and enjoyed travelling several times to the county of Sligo, Ireland, his ancestral home.

He graduated from Sligo High School, Sligo, in 1945, and immediately enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps. He served his country in the Pacific Theater and was stationed in Luzon in the Philippines from 1945 to 1947, where he attained the rank of sergeant major.

He received the Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, the Good Conduct Medal, the Philippines Independence Ribbon, and the World War II Victory Medal.

After receiving his honorable discharge from the service, he enrolled at the Pittsburgh Institute of Mortuary Science. He graduated and received his funeral director's license 1950.

He married the former Marilyn Loomis on June 1, 1951, in the Evangelical United Methodist Church in Youngsville.

He was a practicing funeral director for more than 50 years and received the "50 Year Award" from the Pennsylvania Funeral Directors Association in June of 2000 at Harrisburg.

Mr. McKinney was formerly employed by the Earl E. Young Funeral Home in Youngsville, where he served his internship. He then purchased the funeral home from Mr. and Mrs. Young in 1962, changing the name to McKinney Funeral Home.
In 1996, he and his wife purchased the former Martin's Village Furniture Building in Sugar Grove and converted it into a branch funeral home to better serve the Sugar Grove community.

Don considered it an honor and a privilege to serve the Youngsville and Sugar Grove communities, and will be remembered by the families he served in his funeral practice for his kindness and compassion during their time of bereavement.

He retired from funeral service because of failing health in March of 2000, when his daughter, Cindy, whom he had employed for 20 years, purchased the funeral home business, which has now been in continuous operation for more than 100 years.

After his retirement, Don and his wife, Marilyn, enjoyed spending time at their winter home in Palmetto, Fla., and summers at their home on Chautauqua Lake, N.Y.

He enjoyed traveling with his family and had traveled extensively throughout the United States and Europe, the Caribbean, Hawaii, and the British Isles. Don liked to
reflect on the fact that he had made the trek to the top of Dia¬mond Head in Hawaii with his wife and also to the top of Blarney Castle's many steps to kiss the Blarney Stone.

He very much enjoyed time spent with his children and grandchildren and will be remembered as a generous and loving father, grandfather, and brother and friend who had an unfailing sense of fairness and a sense of humor and wit.

He was a member of the Evangelical United Methodist Church in Youngsville for more than 50 years. and served there in various capacities.

He was a member of the Halgren- Wilcox Post 658 of the American Legion of Youngsville, a 50-year member of the Stillwater Lodge #758 of the Free and Accepted Masons of Youngsville where he 'was a 32nd degree mason, the Coudersport Consistory, and the Erie Zem Zem Shrine Temple.

He was a former member of the National Funeral Directors Association and was
fortunate to attend their annual conventions held each fall in various major U.S. cities for many years. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Funeral Directors Association and the Warren-Elk-McKean County Funeral Directors Association, where he served as past president and secretary and was instrumental in establishing health insurance coverage for funeral directors in the area.

He was. also, member of the Westem Pennsylvania Funeral Directors Association, serving as past president and on the board of directors for 34 years, and the association awarded him with a plaque in 2001, recognizing his devoted service of more than 30 years.

Don. served as a Deputy Coroner in Warren County for many years. He was a former member of the Youngsville Library Association; the Youngsville Cemetery Association, where he served as president and on the board of directors for several years; the Garland Methodist Cemetery Association, where he was president for many years; and the Stilson Hill Cemetery Association.

He was also co-president with Dr. Richard Peters on the Youngsville Procurement Committee, where he was able to assist in securing two new doctors to practice in Youngsville. He also served on the Don Mills Achievement Center board of directors and he belonged to the Library Theatre.

His.favorite hobby was designing "theme" monuments through his business, McKinney and Company Granite, which he opemted for 35 years.

In addition to his wife, Marilyn, he is survived by four daughters; Shelley Saunders and her husband, Robert, of Ashville, N.Y., Cindy McKinney and her husband, Richard Kemery. of Pittsfield, Stacey Simpson and her husband, Mark, of Warren and Melanie Lawrence and her husband, Chris, of Bethel Park.

Survivors also include 10 grandchildren, Jeremy, Lacey, and Courtney Sliter, Ryan and Shayne Saunders, Christopher and Haley Hynes, and Lindsay, Nathan, and Bailey Lawrence; three sisters, Marion McNaughton of Palmetto, Fla., Dolores Kinkead of Wichita, Kan., and Carolyn Motter of Brookville.

Also surviving are seven step-grandchildren; five step-greatgrandchildren; and several nieces, nephews, and cousins.

In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by a brother, Karle D. McKinney and his mother-in-law, Mildred Ebel, in June of 2007; and a brother-inlaw, Wayne McNaughton.

Friends will be received from 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 p.m. Sunday at the McKinney Funeral Homes and Cremation Services, Inc. of Youngsville, where members of the Stillwater Lodge of the free and accepted masons will hold their ritual at the funeral home at 6:30 p.m.

A funeral service and celebra¬tion of life will be held at 1 p.m. Monday at the Evangelical United Methodist Church, with the Rev. Don Russell, pastor, officiating, assisted by the Rev. Spurgeon Witherow, pastor .emeritus of the Evangelical United Methodist Church, Rev. John Kunselman, former Brown Hill Wesleyan Methodist minister, and Don's niece, the Rev. Angela Gay Kinkead Dean of Chapel at West Yirginia Wesleyan Chapel.

" A gravesite.service will follow the funeral service immediately in the Youngsville Cemetery, where full military honors will be held by the Warren-Sheffield VFW funeral detail.

The family suggests memorial donations be made to the Donald E. McKinney Steeple Memorial Fund at the EUM church, Ascera Care, 1600 Peninsula Drive, Suite 14, Erie, 16505, the American Parkinson Disease Association, 490 E. North Ave., Suite 500, Pittsburgh, 15212-4946, or to the Shiner's Crippled Children's Hosp.

(Source - The Derrick / The News-Herald, Saturday, December 15, 2007)

12/18/2007 - A funeral service for Donald E. McKinney, 80, of Youngsville, who died Friday, Dec. 14, 2007, was held at 1 p.m. Monday at the Evangelical United Methodist Church, with Rev. Dr. Don Russell, pastor, officiating, assisted by Rev. Spurgeon Witherow, pastor emeritus and Rev. Angela Gay Kinkead.

A full military service was conducted by the Sheffield Warren VFW Post at the Youngsville Cemetery.

Bearers were Jeremy, Lacey and Courtney Sliter, Ryan and Shayne Saunders, Christopher and Haley Hynes, Lindsay, Nathan and Bailey Lawrence. Honorary bearers were Warren County funeral directors, Henry Blick, Jerry Borden, Jim Higgins, Alan Crone and Ed Lloyd.

Jack Patterson, bagpiper, provided music along with an organist, Jean Wolfe. Soloist was Mr. McKinney’s wife, Marilyn, via a recording of Amazing Grace she had made in Nashville several years ago. (Source - Clarion News)
McKinney, Donald Eugene (I3955)
194 Doris Marcella Vogel February 12, 1993 Born Feb.19,1921 Geisinger Med. Cen. Monto 71 yrs Pefforated sigmoid colon
Burial Cemetery Lot Section Undertaker
2-15-1993 Rimersburg Dean Kriner, 325 Market St. Bloomsbur, Pa.

Ernst, Doris Marcella (I0095)
195 Dr. Robert F. Miller, in his book, "A Family of Millers and Stewarts", published August 1909, states that William Stewart, born August 21, 1779, among other things, (1) married Eleanor Knox of Harrisburg (2) settled on property on the Susquehanna River, which property was give to him by his father Lieutenant William Stewart (3) subsequently moved to to Wayne County, Ohio, and (4) was the grandfather of J. H. Stewart. These assertions are refuted in a memorandum prepared by Joseph Philip Rhein which is on file in Section 28 of The Ancestors of the Grandchildren of Joseph Philip Rhein and Janet Anne Houston located in Sarasota, Florida.

William Stewart, a blacksmith, followed his brothers, Benjamin and Galbraith, west to Washington County, where he met Sarah McKibben at Buffalo, Washington County. (Source - Frontier Families of Toby Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, Janice Yingling, Editor, May 1995, page Stewart 7))

"The family moved to Armstrong County (later Toby Township, Clarion County) about 1808 and located about three miles west of Callensburg. A few years later they moved to the vicinity of Dutch Hill and located on what was now known as the Andrew Bowser farm, where he remained until his death in 1825, age 46. He was a blacksmith by trade and tradition pictures him as a very large man of unusual physical strength. I have heard the story of Mr. Stewart's death but cannot verify it. The story goes that he and Mrs. Stewart were making a trip on horseback when, not far from home he was taken ill and they were compelled to stop and dismount, where he died under a tree somewhere near the top of Gates Hill." (Source - "History of William Stewart (1799-1825) and His Descendants", by Reverend Peter Snyder, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The author lived from 1873 to 1954 and probably wrote this history around 1910)

William Stewart left the farm to his son, Robert Stewart, who was born in 1807 on the family farm. Robert married Sara McCall. Their son Robert Stewart, born in 1830 and married Catherine Peters, inherited the family farm. When Robert died in 1902 he willed the farm to his son, Wilbur Wallace Stewart, born 1870 on the family farm, with the provision that Wilbur's mother, Catherine Peters Stewart, would have a home there as long as she lived. She died in 1912. On Wilbur's death in 1946, the family farm was willed to his daughter Martha Elseta Stewart, born 1900, married to William Owens Rose, and the grandchildren. The present operator of the farm is Walter Keith Rose, grandson of Martha Elseta Stewart Rose and son of William Stewart Rose born 1927. (Source - "A Heritage, Biography and Family History of Harold W. Stewart" by Norma M. Stewart)

Dutch Hill was so named because it was settled by Pennsylvania Dutch from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. It is one of the highest points in Clarion County and commands an impressive view looking west to the Allegheny River valley below.

On August 21, 1999, I visited the farm with a number of Stewarts attending the reunion held the following day at the farm of Grover Stewart located in Porter Township and met with Walter Keith Rose. Walter Keith Rose had recently completed construction of a modern house approximately on the site of the original house. He advised that it is the third house to be built at that location. The barn appears to have been built somtime after the early 1800's and is probably the second barn at that site. I toured some of the farmland and indeed the view is impressive, particularly as you look west across rolling fields to the Allegheny River valley in the background. (Note to file by J.P. Rhein)

On September 11, 1999, I visited the Upper Buffalo Cemetery adjacent to the Upper Buffalo Presybertian Church in Buffalo, Washington County. I did not locate any tombstones of the Stewarts; however, there were about 25 to 30 markers that are no longer readable. (Note to file by J.P. Rhein)

Perry Township was named for Oliver Hazard Perry, the U.S. Naval Commander who was victorious over the British on Lake Erie in the War of 1812.

Early settlers in Toby Township, Armstrong County, now Clarion County, in 1801 - 1805 included William Stewart, Honorable Joseph Rankin and James McCall. (Source - Caldwell's Illustrated Historical Combination Atlas of Clarion County, Pennsylvania. Published by J. A. Caldwell, 1877)

A review of copies of extracts of the cemetery records of the Concord Presbyterian Church, Perry Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania (obtained from the Clarion County Historical Society) show a Sarah Stewart, W/o William Stewart, d/o Thomas McKibben, as having died 1918 (apparently a transposition - should be 1819) but no lot number (page 20). Page 21 shows a William Stewart H/o Sarah McKibben Stewart, with the same birth and death dates that are shown on the Family Tree Maker, Family Page, but again no lot number. On August 21, 1999, I visited the cemetery and viewed the tombstone of William and Sarah. The Reverend Robert McGarrough's tombstone is directly behind that of William and Sarah. (Note to File by J.P. Rhein)


In 1824 when William Stewart was 45 years of age, before the emergence of the present two-party system, Republicans and Democrats, all four presidental candidates that year appeared on the ballots in only six of the then 24 states. Six states, including New York, had no elections: their state legislators picked the electors to the Electoral College. Nationally, only about 350,000 of the 4 million eligible white males voted. Andrew Jackson received 38,149 more votes that John Quincy Adams, but neither received a majority of electoral votes. So the House of Representatives decided, picking Adams. (Source - Excerpts from an article by George Will on the Electoral College written November 2000.)


James Madison was the fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). His presidency was marked by the War of 1812 (1812-1815), a conflict between the United States and Britain, fought over the maritime rights of neutrals.


During the Napoleonic Wars (1793-1815) between France and Britain, both countries violated the maritime rights of neutral powers. Each nation sought to blockade the other, and vessels violating either blockade were seized. Collectively, the two nations seized nearly 1,500 American vessels between 1803 and 1812. The United States faced the problem of whether or not it should go to war to defend its neutral rights. In 1807 the Congress of the United States passed the Embargo Act, prohibiting U.S. vessels from trading with European nations. It was later replaced by the Non-Intercourse Act, which forbade trade only with France and Britain. In 1810 Macon's Bill No. 2 reopened American trade with all nations, but required both France and Britain to repeal their blockade decrees. The British refused to comply, and in June 1812 the U.S. Congress declared war on Britain.

Armed Conflict

British troops joined with northwestern Native Americans and captured Detroit, Michigan. In 1813 American forces reoccupied Detroit and defeated the combined British and Native American forces. In the Atlantic, the British Royal Navy blockaded much of the eastern coast and ruined U.S. trade with foreign nations. In 1814 British troops burned Washington, D.C., and occupied northeastern Maine. However, U.S. forces defeated other British troops at Lake Champlain and Baltimore, Maryland.


Peace negotiations began in July 1814. The United States wanted the British to end objectionable maritime practices and cede Canadian territory. Britain sought a neutral Native American buffer state in the American Northwest and wanted to revise both the American-Canadian boundary and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that had established U.S. independence. The two nations finally agreed to return to prewar conditions in a treaty signed at Ghent, Belgium, in December 1814. Both nations had ratified the treaty by February 1815. (Source - The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition, Copyright 1992 by Houghton Mifflin Company) 
Stewart, William II (I0008)
196 During the First World War, 18,000 American Red Cross nurses served with the Army and Navy Nurse Corps. Nearly half of the nurses served at home to ensure exemplary health and sanitary conditions. The remainder served at American base hospitals in France, on hospital trains, and in evacuation and field units in the zone of advance. The Red Cross provided two out of every three Navy nurses and four out of five Army nurses, including the first African-American nurses. Nurses worked diligently at home, especially during a deadly influenza epidemic that swept the country in 1918. Responding to a call for help from the Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service, 15,000 Red Cross nurses, dietitians, and others were recruited to work in military camps, hospitals, coal fields, munitions plants, and shipyards, where they remained until the epidemic finally subsided in the spring of 1919. (Source - History and Organization of the Red Cross Nursing Service) Ditty, Nancy A. (I4048)
197 During the late 1920's and the 1930's he was a farmer and owned a farm just South of Callensburg, Clarion County, Pennsylvania that was along the bank of the the Clarion River. (Note to File - JP Rhein) Stewart, Grover Cleveland (I0022)
198 Eccles Lesher lists his place of death and place of burial as New Kensington, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. They do not list a cemetery. As his wife was buried at Greenwood Cemetery in New Kensington, I have also listed his burial location at that cemetery pending further verification. (Noe to File - JP Rhein) Hawk, Frank Negley (I1031)
199 Education in Alsace-Lorraine

An ordinance, dated 18 April, 1871, and issued by Count von Bismarck-Bohlen, Governor-General of Alsace, obliges every child, on reaching the age of six, to attend either a public or a private school, unless equivalent provision shall be made in the family itself. School attendance continues to be obligatory until the final examination, which, for boys, takes place at the age of fourteen, for girls at thirteen. The law of 12 February placed all lower and higher education under the supervision and control of the State authorities. "In all schools," so runs the ordinance of the Imperial Statthalter (Governor), dated 16 November, 1887 "religion, morality, respect for the State and the laws shall be inculcated by means of teaching and education." The normal curriculum of elementary schools comprises religion, German, arithmetic, geometry, drawing, history, geography, natural history, natural science, singing, carpentry, and feminine handicrafts. The following are charged with the local supervision of each elementary school: the burgomaster, the Catholic priest, the Protestant pastor, the delegate of the Jewish religion and, in parishes of more than 2,000 souls, one or more residents appointed thereto by the President of the district. The clergy are especially charged with the supervision of the religious instruction given by the teachers in the schools; they have, besides, the right of entering the schools at all times. The greater number of public elementary schools are denominational. Most of the masters are laymen; most of the mistresses, sisters of some teaching order. These communities, whose members teach in public, State, and municipal schools, also maintain private elementary, intermediate, and higher girls' schools. (Source - Catholic Encyclopedia


Joseph Rhein and Louise Laeng arrived Port of New York on May 20, 1890 from Le Havre on La Champagne, L. Boyer as Ship's Master. Joseph is passenger number 808, farmer, and Louise (surname spelled Lang) is passenger number 197, no occupation, travelling 3rd class. I am unable to explain as to why her maiden name is listed on the ship's manifest, other than possibly she obtained her authorization to immigrate prior to the date of their marriage. (Source - Examination of copy of the ship manifest, New York Passenger Lists, 1851-1891, microfilm roll 548, List number 689)

The ship La Champagne was a 7,087 gross ton vessel, length 493.4 ft x beam 51.8 ft, two funnels, four masts, single screw and a speed of 17 knots. Accommodation for 390 - 1st, 65 - 2nd and 600 3rd class passengers. Built by COT, St. Nazaire, she was launched for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Lines) on May 15, 1885. Her maiden voyage started on May 22, 1886 when she left Havre for New York. On August 7, 1887 she collided with and sank the French ship Ville de Rio Janeiro, sustaining serious damage herself. Rebuilt in 1896 with two masts, new engines and her 3rd class accommodations increased to 1,500. On February 17, 1898 she fractured her propeller shaft and drifted until February 23rd, when she was sighted by the Warren Liner Roman who towed her to Halifax. Her last Le Havre to New York sailing started on January 21, 1905 and she was then transferred to the Mexican service. She resumed Havre - New York for two round voyages in March and April 1906 and then returned to the Mexico service. In 1913 she was transferred to St. Nazaire - Panama sailings and on May 28, 1915 stranded at St. Nazaire and broke her back. (Source - North Atlantic Seaway by N. R. P. Bonsor, volume 2, page 656)


The Certificate of Death for Joseph Rhein lists his father as Jacob Rhein and his mother as Regina Kistler. It states that Joseph was born in Lorraine. I suspect that Louise Laeng Rhein gave his place of birth as Alsace-Lorraine, which is the way she always described where they were from in Germany, and the person completing the death certificate elected to enter only Lorraine. (Note to File - JP Rhein)

Served with the German Army in the German Territories in Africa between 1884 and 1890. I do not know in which of the Territories he may have been during this period. Extracts from various articles state that Germany came late to its colonial empire, acquiring Toga, Cameroon, German East Africa (present-day Tanzania) and German Southwest Africa (present-day Namibia) by 1885. The Berlin Conference, called in 1884 by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, established African colonial boundaries. This empire would last only 35 years, until the end of World War I (1914-1918). (Note to File - JP Rhein)

Joseph Rhein and Louise Laeng Rhein were parishioners of St. Augustine Catholic Church, 37th Street, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.

"St. Augustine was founded in 1863 as a German ethnic parish. The origin of the parish can actually be traced to the year 1854. Germans had been settling in Lawrenceville for a number of years. They attended St. Philomena to attend Mass and sent their children to school at either St. Philomena or the English school at St. Mary. Concerned with the distance that the children had to walk to attend St. Philomena, local Catholics in cooperation with the Redemptorist Fathers at St. Philomena established a school in a Lawrenceville home. As the number of children attending the school increased, the school was moved to an unused storeroom and later to a community hall.

The school's first few years were unsettled. Various teachers came and went and the school discontinued operations for a brief period. Eventually, local German Catholics decided that the only way to have an effective school was to establish a parish to oversee it. In 1860, a meeting was held to take steps to establish a parish and school. In April of 1860, land was purchased for a parish.

Assisting in the development of the new parish was Fr. George Kircher, who had been appointed pastor of Holy Trinity in the Hill District in 1860. In 1861, he began working with the German Catholics in Lawrenceville to establish an independent parish. In that year, the bishop granted permission to build a church for the Germans in Lawrenceville. However, they first built a school which was dedicated on December 15, 1861. Beginning on February 2, 1862, Mass was celebrated in the school.

On June 22, 1862 the cornerstone of the new church was laid. In December of that year a resident pastor was assigned to the parish. The completed church was dedicated on November 26, 1863. By the end of the century, this church needed extensive repair and renovation. Rather than expend money on the existing building, the parish decided to build a new church. The cornerstone of the new church was laid on October 29, 1899 and the completed church was dedicated on May 21, 1901. The old church was renovated and turned into a parish hall. Part of the tower was removed and the transepts were closed with a wall, This building was eventually tom down in 1955.

Beginning in the middle of the twentieth century, people began moving from the city. By the 1990's Lawrenceville could no longer sustain the number of existing churches. In 1993, St. Augustine was merged with three other parishes to form the new Our Lady of the Angels parish. St. Augustine church remains open and serves the new parish." (Souce - Diocese of Pittsburgh)

"As far back as 1854, a little school for German children of the neighborhood was being maintained in the home of Franz Xavier Helbling opposite the Allegheny Cemetery on Butler Street. Gradually the people interested organized St. Augustine's Roman Catholic Church and built a little schoolhouse on the hillside of Thirty-seventh Street. The building served as a church also from its completion in 1862 until the fall of 1863 when a church was completed on Butler Street between Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Streets. The school was enlarged by digging out beneath it and making it a two story building. Until 1874 the parish was in charge of a Capuchin monk. In that year other members of the order arrived and established St. Augustine Monastery, which is the mother house of the St. Augustine Capuchin Province of Pennsylvania. There is also a convent in connection with the church." (Source - Volume 2, Pittsburgh of Today, Its Resources and People, by Frank C. Harper, New York, The American Historical Society, Inc., 1931-1932)

"About 1897 or 1898 there came to Pittsburgh a young man, John T. Comes who was given the commission of preparing drawings for a new church for St. Augustine Parish, Thirty-seventh Street. The completion of St. Augustine's Church in 1901 marked a new era in the history of ecclesiastical arts in the diocese. It was acclaimed as a masterpiece." (Source - Catholic Pittsburgh's One Hundred Years, Published under the patronage of His Excellency the Most Reverend Hugh C. Boyle, Loyola University Press, Chicago, Ill., 1943)

St. Augustine (Lawrenceville, PA) Parish History

HISTORY OF ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH, Lawrenceville, Pa., 1863 -- 1988
(Extracted from St. Augustine Parish 125th Anniversary Book, 1863-1988)

Lawrenceville could boast of only one landmark in 1860. That was the arsenal built as a result of the war of 1812. Other than that, nothing stood out in Lawrenceville. Seventy new houses went up in the district in 1860, and Butler Street was paved, but the biggest thing that happened in Lawrenceville that year was a meeting. The Catholic leaders of the area had been meeting off and on for several years trying to establish a school for their children. Every time a teacher had to resign or a bigger classroom was needed, the people got together to work out their problem. But in 1860 the meeting was more important than usual. What the people wanted was a bigger school. And this time their plans included a church. They drew up the Society of German Catholics of Lawrenceville. With the spirit of Captain Lawrence who died ordering his men: "Don't give up the ship," the people living in the Borough named after him were going to move ahead against all odds.

Along with loans, the committee sponsored one picnic after another to raise funds for building. As plans congealed they obtained a German-speaking priest to say Mass for them regularly. Father George Kircher now became the organizer of the parish. First the school went up. While the church was under construction services were held in the school. The first Mass in the school took place on February 2, 1862, with Vespers in the afternoon. Father Kircher had Charles Bartberger sketch the plans for the church September 29, 1861. The committee approved the plans the next month. At that same meeting Mr. Landelin Vogel suggested that the parish should select St. Augustine as its patron. The reason for the choice was not any special devotion to the saint, but rather a way of expressing recognition to Mr. Augustine Hoeveler, the leading organizer of Catholic activities in Lawrenceville. Right from the start, the parish was blessed with strong leaders.

In other ways the parish was still very small. At the same meeting in which the patron was chosen, the members of the building association made a pledge of paying ten cents monthly to the church fund. By piling up their dimes, the parishioners eventually raised the twelve thousand dollars needed to build the first St. Augustine Church. The cornerstone was laid June 22, 1862. Even before the church was under roof, in December of 1862, Bishop Domenec appointed Father Franz Schmidt as the first resident pastor of the parish. In less than a year he had to resign because of bad health. Father John Nepomucene Tamchina, a missionary Capuchin, assumed the responsibilities of pastor just two months before the dedication of the new church.

Bishop Domenec blessed the church Thanksgiving Day, November 26, 1863. Religious organizations from Pittsburgh and Allegheny marched in procession. The new church could seat 650. Its 150 foot tower faced Butler Street. It was of red brick Romanesque in style, a hundred feet long. Lawrenceville had a new landmark. During the next ten years the parish was busy paying off its debts. The biggest achievement of those ten years was the establishment of the means to keep the parish thriving for the future. Father Tamchina secured Sisters for the school. From the founding of the school in 1854 lay teachers conducted the classes. For one reason or another a new teacher had to be found each September. The perennial problem sometimes led to hasty decisions and poorly qualified teachers. But Father Tamchina resolved the difficulty in 1871. The Sisters of St. Francis were just eight blocks away. After they opened St. Francis Hospital in 1566 they began to accept teaching assignments in the German parishes. November 8, 1871 the Sisters took over the responsibilities of St. Augustine School. This was the kind of addition which was more important than a new building. The Catholic of that age were convinced that Sisters were the best teachers in the world. According to the chronicler, even the children rejoiced. The parish took on its first Franciscanism. Just two years later, 1873, the Franciscan influence became an intimate feature of the parish. The Capuchin Fathers were invited to the parish November 7, 1873. They came from Germany. Bismarck was suppressing Religious Orders as part of his program to nationalize the state. The Capuchins were told to prepare to leave.

While the Capuchins were being expelled from Bavaria, Bishop Domenec was searching for German-speaking priests for his parishes. The
persecution in Germany became a blessing for Pittsburgh. Father Hyacinth Epp, O.F.M. Cap., assumed the pastorate of St. Augustine's April 19,1874. From then on the parish reflected the atmosphere of a monastery parish. Devotions and societies were those of the Capuchins. St. Augustine's was no longer an ordinary parish. Connected to it was the headquarters of a new province of Capuchins. This would set the decisions for parishes in a dozen states where the members of the province would minister. Less than a month after he became pastor, Fr. Hyacinth established the Third Order of St. Francis in the parish. The parish intensified its Franciscan flavor. Up till then Third Order members who migrated from Germany retained their devotion to St. Francis, but now it was organized into a thriving fraternity. From the opening date the monthly meetings went on to the present. The only change made was that of language, for, originally, the sermons at the monthly meetings were in German.

Along with the spiritual growth of the parish, Father Hyacinth had to keep pace with the increase in members. Hundreds of families had to
relocate when the Union Depot was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad. Many of the families moved to Lawrenceville, with the result that St. Augustine Church had to be expanded. A hundred-foot transept was added in 1874, according to plans drawn by Brother Eleutherius, one of the Capuchins who arrived with Father Hyacinth. At the time of enlarging the church, Brother also carved the main altar, the pulpit and the communion rail. After the remodeling, "St. Augustine's was considered one of the finest churches in Pittsburgh." It seated a thousand. Brother Eleutherius planned to carve five altars in all, but he died before completing the task. He was a victim of smallpox June 18, 1877. Brother was the first of the Capuchins to be buried from St. Augustine's. He was thirty-eight years old. Another interesting friar of those early days was Father Maurice Greck, 0. F.M. Cap. Father Maurice had been an officer in the German army. He became the second Capuchin pastor of St. Augustine's.

In July, 1877, striking railroad employees led a riot in Lawrenceville. The militia tried to restore order but the mob forced the soldiers to retreat. In the attempt one of the soldiers was wounded in front of St. Augustine's Church. The Fathers immediately slipped him through the church into the monastery, where they gave him first aid and sent him to St. Francis Hospital. In the meantime the rioters tried to force their way into the monastery to capture the soldier. It was at that point that Father Maurice relied on his training as an officer. He just stood in the doorway with an air of authority and ordered the rioters away. They left without further protest.

By 1888 the growing population of Lawrenceville made a new school necessary for the parish. Father Maurice was again pastor at the time. Each wage earner pledged fifteen dollars. March 3,1889, Bishop Phelan of Pittsburgh blessed the new school. The twelve-room building cost forty-five thousand dollars. Typical of the spirit of St. Augustine's, the school was one of the best equipped in the city. Newspaper clippings of the day referred to it as one of the most modern schools in western Pennsylvania. In addition to all the subjects taught in the public school, the parish school conducted extra classes in the German language, and, of course, courses in religion. During that same year a new monastery and rectory was completed, the present quarters of the Capuchins. The third floor of the present building was added in 1905. Ten years after the monastery was built the existing convent was completed. The parish constantly demonstrated a thriving growth.

The present church came not so much from the need of expansion, but because the old church needed extensive repairs. Father Charles Speckert, O.F.M. Cap., the pastor, called on Mrs. Mary Regina Frauenheim and her daughter Miss Rose, to ask for a substantial contribution for the renovation of the church. The Frauenheim family had been bountiful toward the parish in the past. The pastor was hoping that they would now pay for windows for the remodeling of the church. The ladies quietly objected that such an old building was not
really worth expensive windows. Father Charles teasingly remarked that if the good ladies were willing to donate the small sum of fifty thousand dollars then he would do more than renovate; he could build a new, more beautiful church. It seemed almost a joke at the time. The debt in the parish was already thirty thousand dollars. But the Frauenheims did not take it as a joke. They asked for time to think about it. Mr. Aloysius Frauenheim called on Father Charles a few days later to pledge the fifty thousand dollars. With such generosity among the parishioners, the pastor could hardly refuse. Sixteen houses were cleared from the site where the church now stands. The property alone absorbed the generous donation, costing more than forty-eight thousand dollars. Since the project came so spontaneously, no one really had an idea of what kind of church to build. So they looked around, trying to find something they would like. One of the friars in the monastery came across a picture of St. Benno's Church in Munich. It immediately caught the pastor's fancy. That was it, Mr. John T. Comes used the picture for a model in sketching the new church. The plans looked good, but the lowest bid looked forbidding. With a dept of thirty thousand dollars hanging over the parish, contractors were asking another one hundred thousand for the new church. The Frauenheim
family relieved the situation by donating another fifty thousand dollars.

Five thousand people attended the cornerstone laying ceremony. The parishioners' interest ran high all through the construction of the
church. They seemed to count the layers of vitrified brick as the masons laid the walls. Layer after layer carried the walls to the climax of a
dome ninety-two feet from the floor of the church. The towers went on for fifty feet more, twin arms raised in prayer, reaching a hundred and
forty-eight feet over Lawrenceville. When the towers extended their full salute to God, the last stone in place, the people and clergy dedicated their church May 12, 1901. A procession from the old church carried the Blessed Sacrament over a flower strewn path to the new tabernacle. As the procession moved out from the church the bells clanged their farewell. Just as the last clang of the smaller bells faded the deep, musical bells of the new church welcomed the procession to the bigger, more beautiful house of God. Just eleven years later Father Ignatius Weisbruch, 0. F.M. Cap., paid off the last portion of the building debt. The date can hardly seem very remote to older parishioners who can still remember Fr. Ignatius.

Throughout the history of St. Augustine's the main theme which arises most often is change and the ability and adaptability of the physical
structures as well as the parishioners to accept these changes. With the promulgation of the Apostolic Instruction, Custas Fidei, in April 1969, and Immensae Cartitatis on January 23, 1973, lay persons were given permission to distribute communion both during Mass and outside Mass. On December 1, 1974, the first Parish Council was installed with the concept of finding an effective way of participation by the entire Christian community in the mission of the Church. Today the Parish Council is now called the Council of Ministries and is comprised of many dedicated people who help keep the St. Augustine Community unified and filled with spiritual values. The roots of St. Augustine's had been firmly planted a long time ago by many dedicated people who believed the Catholic faith was the center of their lives. These values have remained constant. Once again the parishioners have been asked to contribute to the renovation of St. Augustine Church. In this the 125th anniversary of St. Augustine Parish, we have again seen the generosity and unselfishness of the parishioners who made many sacrifices to fortify, maintain and preserve our structure for another 100 years as well as the faith values which the Church symbolizes.

On October 23, 1958, the official celebration of the 125th anniversary occurred rededicating our church, our Parish, and ourselves to
God for now and for the future. There was a Liturgy of Thanksgiving at 11 am, celebrated by Bishop Donald W. Wuerl, followed by an informal reception in the Parish Hall for the entire parish family. The unity and Christian love for one another are typical qualities of the Augustine community and can be summed up by a quote of St. Augustine himself: "The Kingdom of Heaven requires no other price than yourself, the value of it is yourself; give YOURSELF to it and you shall have it."

(This history was taken in part from the St. Augustine Tour Book and from previous anniversary Souvenir Books.)

Rhein, Joseph (I3135)
200 Egle, Pennsylvania Genealogies, page 227, states that she died in Derry Township, dauphin County, Pennsylvania. (Note to file by J. P. Rhein) Bertram, Elizabeth (I0119)

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